Encyclopedists


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Encyclopedists

 

the authors of the French Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des metiers (published 1751–80). The Encyclopédie was conceived and edited by D. Diderot and J. D’Alembert. Its contributors included Voltaire, E. de Condillac, C. Helvétius, P. Holbach, J.-J. Rousseau, A. Turgot, G. Raynal, G. Buffon, and various progressive scholars, scientists, writers, and engineers.

The Encyclopedists differed in their philosophical and sociopolitical views. They included deists as well as materialists and atheists, and adherents of “enlightened absolutism” as well as advocates of the republican form of government. They did, however, share such characteristics as the desire to overcome the conservative principles of feudal society, hostility toward the clerical ideology, and the need to substantiate their rational world view. The Encyclopedists played an important role in the ideological preparation for the French Revolution, and their work fostered social and scientific progress. As spokesmen for the progressive ideas of their age, the Encyclopedists were persecuted by the feudal authorities and the clergy.

REFERENCES

Duprat, P. Les Encyclopédists, leurs travaux, leurs doctrines et leur influence. Paris, 1866.
Ducros, L. Les encyclopédistes. Paris, 1900.
Proust, J. Diderot et l’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1962.
Proust, J. L’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1965.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
As d'Alembert suggests, in the account of the Encyclopedists, the history of knowledge articulates itself forward and backward in relation to a central loss that functions, paradoxically, as its originary moment.
(88) Precisely the same sense of the utility of creation underlies the work of the encyclopedists. Building upon Paul's comment, for instance, Bartholomaeus Anglicus prefaces his On the Properties of Things by remarking that it is only possible for the human mind to be led to the contemplation of the immaterial celestial hierarchy through material things.
She then examines the work of the early encyclopedists, Diderot and d'Alembert.
On the one hand, the French Encyclopedists focused on the "self-evidentness" of the truth, and sought to strip away the layers of rationalist and religious commentary that had obscured sensory nature and obstructed the pursuit of empirical knowledge.
In view of this, her introduction might have benefited from a slightly more copious exegesis of Lacquer's hypothesis concerning the advent of onanism and its demonization, as spawn of the Enlightenment project, and bete noire of Encyclopedists and philosophers, such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
He demonstrates this unhesitating approach in the Prolegomena, which remind us that medieval encyclopedists' use of poetry rather than prose responds to a lack of separation between literature and science.
According to Apgar, impressionists', encyclopedists', and amnesiacs collect, retain, and recall risk assessment information in different ways that can improve the overall risk intelligence score of the firm, and, if used properly, can reveal patterns of risk assessment that can be detrimental to the overall risk profile of the firm (p.
(14) For a reading of the gender assumptions behind many encyclopedists' representations of textual and physical reproduction, see Richard Hardack, "Going Belly Up: Entries, Entrees, and the Encyclopedic Travel Narrative," LIT: Literature, Interpretation, Theory7, nos.
Inspired by the success of burgeoning modern science and bored by the pedantic study of ancient classical texts, Denis Diderot and the other French Encyclopedists thought it long past time to move on to new things.
He and his fellow encyclopedists argue that if they realize their ambitious dream, they'll change the science of biology.
From antique writers (poets, historians, and philosophers) to those of the Renaissance (of which the decisive Leon L'Hebreu), and passing by the Peres de l'Eglise (Clement d'Alexandrie, Basile, and Eusebe de Cesaree, Jean Damascene, to cite but a few) and the medieval encyclopedists, Margolin lists the ensemble of writers cited by Tyard over the course of his scholarly endeavors, of which the digressions and the learned familiarity evoke Politien's Miscellanea and Eramus's Adages.
(10) Subsequent linguists and encyclopedists in England and Holland have generally accepted Crawfurd's definition.