Endara Galimany, Guillermo David

Endara Galimany, Guillermo David,

1936–2009, Panamanian political leader. A lawyer and supporter of Arnulfo AriasArias, Arnulfo
, 1901–88, president of Panama (1940–41, 1949–51, Oct., 1968). A Harvard-trained physician, he led the coup that deposed President Florencio Harmodio Arosemena in 1931. He subsequently served in cabinet and diplomatic posts.
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, he served in the national assembly and was (1968) minister of planning and economic policy during Arias's brief last term; he later joined the ousted president in exile, returning to Panama in 1978. In May, 1989, backed by a coalition opposed to strongman General NoriegaNoriega, Manuel Antonio
, 1938–2017, Panamanian general. Commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces from 1983, Noriega consolidated the strong-armed rule inherited from Gen. Omar Torrijos Herrera, and became the de facto leader of Panama. A one-time operative for the U.S.
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, Endara was elected president, but Noriega refused to recognize the vote. Endara was beaten by thugs in Noriega's wave of repression, which ulitimately led (Dec., 1989) to a U.S. invasion, Noriega's ouster, and Endara's swearing in. Endara worked during his five years in office to revive the economy and revamp the security forces, and was confronted with ongoing unrest as a result of the invasion. He ran unsuccessfully for the presidency in 2004 and 2009.