goitre

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Related to Endemic goitre: endemic goiter, iodine deficiency goiter

goitre

(US), goiter
Pathol a swelling of the thyroid gland, in some cases nearly doubling the size of the neck, usually caused by under- or overproduction of hormone by the gland
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References in periodicals archive ?
Iodine and selenium deficiency in school children in an endemic goitre area in Turkey.
According to these results, every province in the country could be classified as suffering from at least a mild level of endemic goitre, with Murehwa district the most affected.
In areas without endemic goitre, it is often referred to as sporadic nontoxic goitre.
Thus, the existing dietary supplies of thiocyanate in relation to iodine may be a possible aetiological factor for the persistence of endemic goitre in the study region during post salt iodization period.
(3.) Epidemiological survey of endemic goitre and endemic cretinism.
Regions with iodine deficiency and endemic goitre are found all over the world, particularly in mountainous areas and continental regions, where iodine prophylaxis is not used.
Endemic goitre in India: prevalence, etiology, attendant disabilities and control measures.
Early age incidence in our study may be due to increased number of patients with endemic goitre as India is an endemic zone for goitre with 54 million people affected.
Khanam, Dietary supplies of iodine & thiocyanate in the aetiology of endemic goitre in Imphal East district of Manipur, north east India, Indian J Med Res 128, November 2008, pp 601-605.
INTRODUCTION: Endemic goitre, one of the earliest non-communicable diseases to humankind, is an important public health problem of worldwide distribution & the mountainous slopes of Himalayas have been notorious foci of endemic goitre.