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(character, jargon)
/n[y]oo'li:n/ Line feed or other character sequence used to terminate a line of text.

Unix uses line feed as its text line terminator - a Bell-Labs-ism rather than a Berkeleyism. Interestingly (and unusually for Unix jargon), it is said to have originally been an IBM usage. Though the term "newline" appears in ASCII standards, it never caught on in the general computing world before Unix. The encoding of line feed as "\n" in C and Unix strings comes from this name.

The term has been used more generally for any end of line character, character sequence (e.g. crlf), or operation (like Pascal's writeln procedure or Lisp 1.5's terpri) required to terminate a text record or separate lines.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (

line break

The end of a line of text in electronic form. Also called "EOL" (end-of-line), "newline," and "hard return," a line break code is generated when the Enter key is pressed, When typing a command on a command line, pressing Enter executes the command. When typing text, pressing Enter signifies the end of the paragraph, and subsequent text goes to the next line.

In word processing, line break codes, along with indent and other layout codes, are normally hidden on screen; however, a special, expanded mode may reveal them. Some text editors display line breaks as symbols (see below).

Different Codes for Windows and Mac
In Windows and DOS, the line break code is two characters: a carriage return followed by a line feed (CR/LF). In the Unix/Linux/Mac world, the code is just the line feed character (LF). In older Macs, the code was a single carriage return (CR); however, newer Macs also support old Mac documents. If line breaks are not converted between Windows and Mac platforms, the text displays and prints improperly. See soft return.

Very Clearly Spelled Out
In the settings of the Notepad++ text editor for Windows, the user can identify the target platform the text file is intended for, which requires different line breaks. The fact that the actual codes are identified is refreshing because even the simplest differences are typically hidden from the user.

Support for All Platforms
This RazorSQL database browser provides line break conversion. The \r is programming code for the CR; the \n is for the LF (newline).

Look for 0A and 0D
The LF and CR are the 11th an 13th ASCII characters, which in this hexadecimal chart are 0A and 0D (see ASCII chart).

Paragraph Symbols Differ
Line breaks show up as different symbols, depending on the text editor.

Paragraph Symbols Differ
Line breaks show up as different symbols, depending on the text editor.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Fernandes, "Improvement of biochemical parameters in type 1 diabetic rats after the roots aqueous extract of yacon [Smallanthus sonchifolius (Poepp.& Endl.)] treatment," Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol.
& Endl. frutos, purpura ramas PHYTOLACACEAE Phytolacca rivinoides Airambo Toda la Rosado Kunth & Bouche planta PICRAMNIACEAE Picramnia sellowii Sani Panga Hoja Violeta Planch.
& Endl. 8471 Iriartella stenocarpa Burret 8427 Chamaedorea pinnatifrons H.
Effects of fructans-containingyacon (Smallanthussonchifolius Poepp and Endl.) flour on caecum mucosalmorphometry, calcium and magnesium balance, and bone calcium retention in growingrats.
apiculatum son bosques de encino (Quercus spp.), de pino pinonero (principalmente Pinus cembroides Zucc.), de pino ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa Lawson), de cedro (Cupressus lindleyi Klotzsch ex Endl.) y vegetacion riparia; tambien es posible localizar hormigueros de esta especie en matorrales xerofilos, en particular el crasicaule y el desertico microfilo, y en zacatales (Van Pelt 1971, Ramos-Elorduy et al.
Monograph Therapeutic area: A13 Camellia sinensis (L.,) Kuntze, Whole dried leaf non fermentatum folium Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott et Not applicable Endl. and its varieties and Cola acuminata (P.
Among those, Cyperus kyllingia Endl., Lindernia crustacea (L.), F., and Paspalum conjugatum L.
Aglaia odorata Lour., Aquilaria malaccensis Lam., Caladium bicolor L., Cyperus kyllingia Endl., Digitaria radicosa Miq., Dracontomelon dao (Blanco) Merr., Duabanga moluccana Blum., Erythrina orientalis L., Eugenia subglauca Koord.