[More Gas, Kameraden!], a need to pose again the question of appropriateness, the possibility of transferring the experience of Endlosung
and--more broadly--its ability to be expressed emerges.
In a memoir written while he was hiding in Argentina, Adolf Eichmann, a lieutenant colonel in the SS frequently called the "architect of the Final Solution," discusses at length the genesis of the term Endlosung
: Today I can't recall whether the term "Final Solution of the Jewish Question" was coined by me or if it came from [Gestapo chief Heinrich] Muller.
Reviewing the history of the tale's reception prior to and after the Endlosung
, one can see that the Shoah has posed a new imperative on reading the Prioress's anti-Semitic--but artfully crafted--legend.
In the aesopean language the Nazis employed to conceal their perpetration of genocide, no doubt the most notorious word was Endlosung
("final solution"), closely followed by Sonderbehandlung ("special treatment").
Their "blood and soil" ideology demanded a "final solution to the Jewish question" (Endlosung
der Judenfrage), so that the ultimate aim was to rid the world of Judaism.
Man konnte auf den Gedanken einer vergeistigten "Endlosung
" kommen [...].
Die drei verantwortlichen SS-Fuhrer fur die Durchfuhrung der Endlosung
der Judenfrage in Europa Waren: Heydrick-Eichmann-Muller.
It was a secret so unique that none of its perpetrators was permitted to refer to it by any proper name either verbally or in writing, but only by means of its numerous administrative euphemisms, "evacuation," "resettlement," Endlosung
, or "Final Solution." (8) One effect of the irony of his text is to testify to the impossibility of the secret as such, the secret as univocal transcendental signified.
(Jews out), Endlosung
(Final Solution), judenfrei (Jew-free).
Had this inflammatory passage been reprinted in 1955, of course, America's West German friends would have taken offense.(11) And politically conscious readers might have heard echoes of what eventually came to be known as the Holocaust--Hemingway's phrase "ultimate settlement" sounding like Endlosung
, the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question." Moreover, reprinting these angry sentiments might have tainted Hemingway's newly won status as a Nobel Laureate in Literature.(12) In fairness to Hemingway, it should be said that when the war was over, he published a foreword to the 1946 collection entitled Treasury for a Free World in which he said that the allies should not be vindictive and called for a "re-education" of allies and enemies alike to prevent future wars ("Foreword" xv).(13)
On his official Web, site, Irving includes the statement: On the Endlosung
[the Final Solution], my own view has crystallized a lot since 1975, when I delivered Hitler's War to the publishers.
Hans Kirchhoff, "Endlosung
over Danmark," in "Foreren har befalet!" - Jodealctionen oktober 1943 (Copenhagen: Samleren, 1993), pp.