Cellulase

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Related to Endoglucanase: Cellobiohydrolase

cellulase

[′sel·yə‚lās]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of extracellular enzymes, produced by various fungi, bacteria, insects, and other lower animals, that hydrolyze cellulose.

Cellulase

 

an enzyme of the hydrolase class. Cellulase depolymerizes cellulose polysaccharides (including cellulose itself) and forms glucose or the disaccharide cellobiose. Cellulase is found in germinated grain and in many bacteria and fungi; it is especially active in house fungi that grow on wood. Cellulase is also found in certain animals that feed on wood; these animals include shipworms and Cossidae. Ruminants are able to digest cellulose because symbiotic microorganisms that release cellulase live in the compartments of their stomachs, especially in the rumen.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ephedra trifurca had defense proteins, including a chitinase and an alpha amylase inhibitor, peroxidase and endoglucanases, as well as a carbohydrate-modifying enzymes, e.
The production of laccase, manganese peroxidase, endoglucanase, exoglucanase and [beta]-glucosidase was evaluated after a submerged fermentation process using flower residues and P.
had extremely high levels of accumulated endoglucanase activity (2.
exoglucanase, endoglucanase and b-glucosidase (Li et al.
Bae H, Mcallister T, Yanke J, Cheng K, Muir A (1993) Effects of condensed tannins on endoglucanase activity and filter paper digestion by Fibrobacter succinogenes S85.
At least three major groups of cellulases are involved in the hydrolysis process: (i) endoglucanase (EG, endo- 1,4-Dglucanohydrolase, or EC 3.
A major challenge for cellulosic ethanol has been improving the technology for hydrolysis of recalcitrant cellulose, with high glucose yields made possible by the synergistic action of three classes of fungal cellulase components: endoglucanase, cellobiohydrolase and beta-glucosidase.
Involvement of a conidial endoglucanase and a plasma-membranebound a-glucosidase in the induction of endoglucanase synthesis by cellulose in Trichoderma reesei".
EglC, a New Endoglucanase from Aspergillus niger with major activity towards Xyloglucan.