Endometritis


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Related to Endometritis: endometriosis

endometritis

[¦en·dō·mə′trīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the endometrium.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Endometritis

 

inflammation of the endometrium—the mucous membrane of the uterus. Endometritis usually results from streptococcal, staphylococcal, gonococcal, or some other infection reaching the uterus after an abortion or complicated childbirth. It sometimes is a complication of another infectious disease, for example, tuberculosis. A focus of inflammation arises at the site of penetration of the causative agent; it may involve not only the endometrium but the muscular layer of the uterus as well.

Endometritis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Acute endometritis is associated with malaise, weakness, elevated body temperature, pain in the lower abdomen, and prolonged vaginal bleeding. Pain and high temperature are usually absent in chronic endometritis; menorrhagia occurs as a result of decreased contractility of the uterine muscles and slow detachment of the mucous membrane. Endometritis is frequently combined with salpingo-oophoritis, and it may result in sterility. In tuberculous endometritis developing in childhood, the uterine mucous membrane may disappear completely because of extensive cicatrization; primary amenorrhea may result. Menorrhagia and metrorrhagia occur when the endometrium is affected at the child-bearing age.

Treatment depends on the nature and stage of the disease; it may involve the use of antibiotics or physical therapy. The disease can be prevented by making sure that the causative agents do not enter the body during childbirth or abortion.

REFERENCE

Ginekologiia. Moscow, 1957.

A. P. KURIUSHCHENKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These under-diagnosed cases were first called as normal endometrium (4), a couple of endometrial polyps including one depicting atypia confined to the polyp, and a single case of chronic endometritis. The last one disclosed Ca in final pathology while the rest turned out to be hyperplasia.
New evidence associates Endometrial polyps with Chronic endometritis
If larger amounts of fluid, gas or soft tissue are present, a clinical correlation is necessary to rule out endometritis and RPOC.
This model included BCS at 1 month postpartum ([greater than or equal to] 2.75 vs <2.75), IDE or timed AI, peri- and postpartum disorders (dystocia, retained placenta, septicemic metritis, clinical endometritis, ketosis, milk fever, and abomasal displacement), calving to first AI interval (<80 vs [greater than or equal to] 80 days), cows that did or did not conceive at first AI, and the interactions between these variables.
Although no women given antibiotics developed endometritis compared with seven cases of endometritis in the no-antibiotics group for a RR of .07, the 95% CI in the Cochrane analysis included zero, so the findings weren't statistically significant.
Total 48 buffaloes with history of conception failure were diagnosed to have endometritis with help of gynaeco-clinical examination and by evaluating CVM samples for pH, WST and Metricheck score.
The percentage/frequencies of different morphological patterns of endometrial lesions like endometrial hyperplasia, atrophic endometritis, endometrial polyp and endometrial carcinoma were calculated.
After patients with endometrial hyperplasia or neoplasia were included in Group-I, and those with insufficient tissue, endometrial atrophy, or endometritis were included in Group-II; Groups 1 and 2 were compared with respect to primary and secondary outcomes.
An abdominal examination was performed on all enrolled women 72 hours after delivery to evaluate for endometritis. Investigator-designed questionnaire responses and laboratory results were entered into a Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) database [12].
Other studies reported endometrial hyperplasia as the most common morphological pattern encountered as well as a good number of endometritis cases though it was not said if endometrial culture was carried out in these cases [4].
The most common puerperal infection was postpartum endometritis. The incidences of any infections and endometritis in the SDSE colonization group were significantly higher than in the other two groups (5.7% versus 1.7% versus 1.0% for any puerperal infection in the groups for SDSE, Streptococcus B, or culture negative, respectively).