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Related to Endoscopy: gastrointestinal endoscopy



examination by means of an optical instrument, or endoscope, of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus— esophagoscopy) and body cavities (for example, the abdominal cavity—laparoscopy). Endoscopes are introduced through natural openings (as in bronchoscopy, proctoscopy, or cystoscopy) or through surgical incisions (as in mediastinoscopy). Endoscopy is performed under local or general anesthesia.

The first attempts to examine the urinary bladder and other hollow organs were made as early as the 19th century, but the inadequacy of the endoscopes limited development of the procedures. The possibilities of endoscopy have greatly increased since the second half of the 20th century, with the development of glass-fiber light guides and of instruments of fiber optics based on such light guides. Examination of almost all organs has become possible, and the illumination of the examined object has increased. Conditions for photographing and filming (endophotography and endocinematography) have improved, and it is now possible to make monochromatic and color videotape recordings (modifications of standard cameras and motion-picture cameras are used).

Documentation of the results of endoscopic examination have made possible objective study of the dynamics of pathological processes occurring in any organ. Modern endoscopy plays a special role in diagnosing the early stages of many diseases. The procedure is often combined with endoscopic biopsy, therapeutic measures, and catheterization. Endoscopic offices and departments have been established in many large medical institutions, and some physicians now specialize in endoscopy.


Lukomskii, G. I., and Iu. E. Berezov. Endoskopicheskaia tekhnika v khirurgii. Moscow, 1967.
Loginov, A. S. Laparoskopiia v klinike vnutrennikh boleznei. Moscow, 1969.
Sokolov, L. K. Atlas endoskopii zheludka i dvenadtsatiperstnoi kishki. Moscow, 1975.


References in periodicals archive ?
Though individual studies have suggested that therapy based on endoscopy performed before any other study (early endoscopy) may be superior to empiric antisecretory therapy and as efficacious as a "test and treat" strategy in symptom relief, a Cochrane systematic review of 20 RCTs (11 in primary care settings) provides the best evidence on the role of early endoscopy.
Cave and his colleagues thought they might be able to save time with capsule endoscopy and still diagnose GI bleeding without hematemesis accurately.
Upper endoscopy revealed continuous "cobblestoning" and linear ulcers of his esophageal mucosa (figure 1) in the distal 20-cm segment, and a normal stomach and duodenum.
One Coventry woman who went into Walsgrave Hospital last Wednesday was told she needed an endoscopy but could not be be fitted in for a week.
Physicians Endoscopy said the joint venture aligns the physicians' goals and the hospital's desire to deepen the relationship with the top gastroenterology group in their service area.
In light of this information, it can be concluded that endoscopy training and skills should be standardized within accepted general principles.
Results: There was no significant difference between endoscopy and colonoscopy on procedural complication (2.
Technological advancements and breakthroughs in the field of endoscopy are expected to drive the growth of the global endoscopy equipment market in the coming years.
On the basis of products, the visualization and documentation systems sector holds the lion's share of the endoscopy devices market, and it is predicted to be the most rapidly growing sector in the years to come, registering an 8.
Dr Edmond Sung, clinical lead for endoscopy at the hospital, said: "We are delighted to witness the development of the new endoscopy unit.
In 2015, the endoscopes segment is expected to account for the larger share of the global endoscopy equipment market, by product, while the laparoscopy segment is expected to account for the largest share of endoscopy equipment market, by application.
Market size data for Endoscopy Visualization Systems market segments - High-End Endoscopy Visualization Systems, Mid-Range Endoscopy Visualization Systems and Low-End Endoscopy Visualization Systems.