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Related to Endoscopy: gastrointestinal endoscopy



examination by means of an optical instrument, or endoscope, of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus— esophagoscopy) and body cavities (for example, the abdominal cavity—laparoscopy). Endoscopes are introduced through natural openings (as in bronchoscopy, proctoscopy, or cystoscopy) or through surgical incisions (as in mediastinoscopy). Endoscopy is performed under local or general anesthesia.

The first attempts to examine the urinary bladder and other hollow organs were made as early as the 19th century, but the inadequacy of the endoscopes limited development of the procedures. The possibilities of endoscopy have greatly increased since the second half of the 20th century, with the development of glass-fiber light guides and of instruments of fiber optics based on such light guides. Examination of almost all organs has become possible, and the illumination of the examined object has increased. Conditions for photographing and filming (endophotography and endocinematography) have improved, and it is now possible to make monochromatic and color videotape recordings (modifications of standard cameras and motion-picture cameras are used).

Documentation of the results of endoscopic examination have made possible objective study of the dynamics of pathological processes occurring in any organ. Modern endoscopy plays a special role in diagnosing the early stages of many diseases. The procedure is often combined with endoscopic biopsy, therapeutic measures, and catheterization. Endoscopic offices and departments have been established in many large medical institutions, and some physicians now specialize in endoscopy.


Lukomskii, G. I., and Iu. E. Berezov. Endoskopicheskaia tekhnika v khirurgii. Moscow, 1967.
Loginov, A. S. Laparoskopiia v klinike vnutrennikh boleznei. Moscow, 1969.
Sokolov, L. K. Atlas endoskopii zheludka i dvenadtsatiperstnoi kishki. Moscow, 1975.


References in periodicals archive ?
"Future randomized trials will need to assess whether push enteroscopy or capsule should be the first test after negative upper endoscopy and colonoscopy and whether capsule endoscopy would improve outcomes if performed prior to push enteroscopy," they said.
However, duration of pain was a significant predictor of management change: The 31 children with no management changes had a median pain duration of 24 weeks, compared with pain duration of 52 weeks for the 61 whose management did change following endoscopy.
The cost of treatment (provided in euros) was higher for the endoscopy group (127 [euro] vs 88 [euro] per patient [approximately $200 vs $139).
The report, Taking a Closer Look, is part of a review of the NHS's 201 endoscopy units.
But a consensus of expert opinion from the International Conference on Capsule Endoscopy in Paris last June suggested that the tool may be an alternative for patients who are unwilling or unable to undergo biopsy, for those whose initial biopsy is equivocal, and for patients with confirmed celiac disease who develop alarming symptoms despite adherence to a gluten-free diet (Endoscopy 2005;37:1055-9).
Endoscopy devices are used to monitor several functions of the body that includes cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, urological, neurological, and others.
Our goal has always been to enhance the quality of all our services, including that of our endoscopy practice and ensure that our patients receive the best treatment facilities when they choose to operate with us.
Deputy Commissioner (DC) Sardar Saifullah Dogar inaugurated the endoscopy machine while Medical Superintendent Children Hospital Dr Habib Buttar, CEO Health Dr Mushtaq Sipra, Deputy MS Dr Aqeel Anjum, Incharge Endoscopy department Dr Nagina Shehzadi and others were also present on the occasion.
BEC is a three-room, licensed ASC performing more than 8,400 annual procedures and Dr.Gary Rogginserves as the center's medical director.The facility is Physicians Endoscopy's second Maryland location, ha
Clinical nurse manager, endoscopy, Jeanette Shaw presented at several NZNO medico-legal forums around the country over February and March on how nurseled consent had evolved at TDHB.
The American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines state that when an anesthesia specialist is responsible for sedation [2], an additional RN is not needed while the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates (SGNA) recommends the presence of an RN to assist the endoscopy team [3].
A functional endoscopy unit requires at least three endoscopy suites (otherwise a minimum of two rooms) for units carrying out >3 000 endoscopies per year with three dedicated endoscopists.