Endothelium

(redirected from Endothelial cells)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

endothelium

[‚en·də′thē·lē·əm]
(histology)
The epithelial layer of cells lining the heart and vessels of the circulatory system.

Endothelium

 

a tissue found in animals and man consisting of specialized cells that line the inner surfaces of blood and lymph vessels, as well as the cavities of the heart. The endothelium is formed from the mesenchyme. It consists of a single layer of closely packed flat cells, which are usually separated from underlying tissues by a basal membrane. The endothelium of lymph vessels has no basal membrane. The cytoplasm of endothelial cells of certain capillaries may have pores that account for the permeability of the capillary wall, as, for example, in the renal glomeruli.

The endothelium of the enlarged capillaries of the blood-forming organs and the endothelium present in the liver, adrenal cortex, and certain other organs has a great capacity for phagocytosis. The endothelial cells of these organs belong to the reticuloendothelial system.

References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers began with iPSCs, steered them into becoming mesoderm, the embryonic cells that become muscle and blood, and then used growth factors to direct them into becoming endothelial cells.
The portfolio contains more than 30 varieties of human primary endothelial cells from tissue sources ranging from heart, lung, and skin, to the reproductive organs, and includes cells from type I and type II diabetic donors.
Vascular Endothelial Cell Dysfunction Induced by Sepsis
Upon activation, leukocytes bind to endothelial cells via the ICAM-1/LFA-1, and this allows them to migrate into the tissues.
Nevertheless, post-SLT micrographs have clearly shown voids that apparently corresponded to the damaged endothelial cells.
The mean value for endothelial cell density in diabetics was 2488.
Images of wound area were taken by Leica microscope (Leica, Mannheim, Germany), the number of migrated endothelial cells was counted.
Preston Mason, PhD, of BWH's Department of Medicine and lead author of the study, said they know that endothelial cell dysfunction is emerging as an early and important predictor of cardiovascular disease and plays an essential role in plaque development.
This non-obstructive optical method of observing EC can pave the way to study the interaction of endothelial cells and stents with varying parameters, including different coating and drug release profile.
Previous research has directly linked presence of endothelial cells in the bloodstream during a heart attack.
In healthy humans, circulating MPs are mainly derived from platelets and to a lesser extent leukocyte and endothelial cells (12).

Full browser ?