Zhul'nikov (1999) studied in Karelia a row of sites that according to Karelian periodization of prehistory can be dated to the Eneolithic.
Comparative study of the hardness of chopping tools from Karelian sites with "pure" (or single-period) complexes dated to the Neolithic-Early Metal Period has shown that inhabitants of Eneolithic sites with Asbestos Ware, except the latest ones, regularly chose the hardest material (i.
The early and middle Holocene (from Mezolithic to Eneolithic Ages) was a time when moose meat prevailed in the diets of primitive people of the forest (taiga) zone, including northeastern Europeans.
Three dwellings at Niremka I were indicative of the Eneolithic Age.
In Russia these copper finds were at first connected with the bronze and iron metallurgy of the Early Metal Period (Gurina 1951), but after supplementary studies, and especially following the large-scale excavations at Pegrema in the 1970s (Zhuravlev 1974; 1975; 1977; 1979; 1987; 1991), the finds were reattributed to the Stone Age, or the Eneolithic to be more precise (see Vitenkova 1996b, 152; Zhul'nikov 1997, 150; 1999, 5 ff.
However, in Russia this term covers the Eneolithic and the Bronze Age (i.
During the excavations near Gultepe 1 and the Shorsu Lake basin, which was conducted with the financial support of the Science Development Foundation under the President of Azerbaijan, more than twenty important artifacts were discovered - archaeological monuments dating back to the Neolithic and Eneolithic
Late Mesolithic rods were found in Karelia and the Moscow district; Neolithic--in eastern Baltic, Eneolithic in eastern Baltic, the Vologda district, central Russia and probably middle Urals; Early Metal Age finds--in the Murmansk district.
The latest belong to the final Neolithic or Eneolithic (Zalavruga).
At present, the chronology of some types of slate tools and flint arrowheads has been defined more precisely (Zhulnikov 1999), and local territories, where workshops producing these categories of Eneolithic artefacts had been located, have been specified as well.
In the last decades, small series of amber adornments were found during excavations of Neolithic and Eneolithic semisubterranean dwellings in the territory of Karelia and Finland.
metal: the manufacture of bone tools in the Eneolithic
site of Conelle di Arcevia (Central Italy).