Copper Age

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Copper Age:

see Bronze AgeBronze Age,
period in the development of technology when metals were first used regularly in the manufacture of tools and weapons. Pure copper and bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, were used indiscriminately at first; this early period is sometimes called the Copper Age.
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Copper Age


(also Chalcolithic or Aeneolithic), a transitional period between the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age during which metal articles made of copper first appeared. However, stone tools continued to predominate. In the Middle East (southern Iran, Turkey, and Mesopotamia), copper and subsequently bronze articles appeared in the fourth millennium B.C.; in Europe, such objects appeared in the third and second millennia B.C.

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In Russia these copper finds were at first connected with the bronze and iron metallurgy of the Early Metal Period (Gurina 1951), but after supplementary studies, and especially following the large-scale excavations at Pegrema in the 1970s (Zhuravlev 1974; 1975; 1977; 1979; 1987; 1991), the finds were reattributed to the Stone Age, or the Eneolithic to be more precise (see Vitenkova 1996b, 152; Zhul'nikov 1997, 150; 1999, 5 ff.
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