Enets


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Enets

 

(also Yenisei Samoyed), the language of the Entsi. According to a 1975 estimate, Enets is spoken by 200,000 people, who inhabit the right bank area of the Enisei’s lower course, in the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous Okrug (formerly Taimyr [Dolgan-Nenets] National Okrug). Enets belongs to the Samoyed group of the Uralic languages and comprises two widely divergent dialects: Somatu (also Tundra, Khantaika, or Turuk-han Enets) and Pe-bai (also Forest, Baikha, Karasino, or Man-gazeia Enets).

The phonetic features of the Somatu dialect, which distinguish Enets from the other Uralic and neighboring non-Uralic languages, are a predominance of open syllables and an abundance of sequences consisting of two, three, or more vowels. Enets is an agglutinative language with highly developed fusion and stem gradation. In grammar and lexicon it resembles the Nenets and Nganasani languages; this similarity is due to the close affinity of the three languages and to contacts between them. The Pe-bai dialect shows traces of Eniseian influence—for example, the borrowed pronouns for first and second person. Enets has no writing system.

REFERENCES

Prokof’ev, G. N. “Enetskii (eniseisko-samoedskii) dialekt.” In lazyki i pis’mennost’ narodov Severa, part 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
Tereshchenko, N. M. “Enetskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966.
Castrén, M. A. Grammatik der samojedischen Sprachen. St. Petersburg, 1854.

E. A. KHELIMSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
ENETS consensus guid eli nes upd ate for gastroduodenal neuroendocrine neoplasms.
Eriksson et al., "ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the management of patients with digestive neuro-endocrine neoplasms of the digestive system: well differentiated pancreatic non-functioning tumors," Neuro-endocrinology, vol.
Lebtahi et al., "ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the Standards of Care in Neuroendocrine Tumors: peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with radiolabeled somatostatin analogs," Neuroendocrinology, vol.
Note the separation between the tundra peoples (Enets, Samoyed, Nenets, and Nganasan) and the other peoples.
Costa et al., "Vienna consensus conference participants: ENETS consensus guidelines update for neuroendocrine neoplasms of the jejunum and ileum," Neuroendocrinology, vol.
Concerning Tundra Enets and Taimyr Tundra Nenets, the situation is worse.
2002, On the Enets Evidential Suffixes.--LU XXXVIII, 145-153.
Klimstra, "The ENETS and AJCC/UICC TNM classifications of the neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and the pancreas: a statement," Virchows Archiv, vol.
ENETS consensus guidelines for the standards of care in neuroendocrine tumours: towards a standardized approach to the diagnosis of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours and their prognostic stratification.
Mordvin kal 'fish'; Mari kol 'fish'; Mansi kol/%ul/kul 'fish'; Khanty kul/xut'/xul 'fish'; Hungarian hal 'fish'; Nenets Xal'e/kare 'fish'; Enets kade/kare/kare 'fish'; Nganasan kole/kuale/kualle 'fish'; Selkup kel/qel/ qeli/kuel/qeli 'fish'; Kamas kola 'fish'; Mator kele 'fish'.
Therefore I regard it as possible to suppose that etymologically the Nenets no-, no- does not belong to other North Samoyedic negative auxiliary stems with the secondary initial consonant n- (Nenets ni-, Nganasan ni-, Enets ne-), but is a separately standing independent word no-, no- (< *no-), instead.
He adds that "all Samoyedic languages clearly have a category of unmarked object next to an indicative finite verb, and in three of these: (Tundra) Nenets, Enets and Selkup this form expresses the definiteness or the focus function of the object" (Havas 2008 : 5).