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(ĕnĭwē`tŏk, ĕnē`wĕtôk), circular atoll, central Pacific, one of the Ralik Chain in the Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands,
officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 59,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in the west, with
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. Enewetak is c.50 mi (80 km) in circumference and comprises about 40 islets surrounding a large lagoon. Mandated to Japan by the League of Nations in 1920, Enewetak was captured in World War II by U.S. forces. Designated an atomic proving station, it was the site of atomic tests from 1947 to 1962 (first thermonuclear tests). Former residents, evacuated before the tests started, began returning in the early 1970s, and the island was declared to have been rendered safe in 1980.
References in periodicals archive ?
Employing parallel reasoning to the Enewetak decision, the trial
This case is also notable in that, contrary to Enewetak and Wisconsin v.
Unlike earlier injunction cases such as Enewetak or Callaway that
decisions such as Enewetak or Callaway, Winter does seem remarkable; it
nuclear tests conducted at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls from 1946 to 1958.
Eventually, in 1977, Congress approved a nuclear cleanup of Enewetak Atoll.
In 1968, biological agents, live staphylococcal enterotoxin type B, Bacillus globign and uranine dye, were sprayed in aerosolized form, not only over six military ships, but also over part of the Enewetak Atoll.
Lijon Eknilang, from Rongelap Atoll in the Marshall Islands, was one of many people contaminated by radioactive fallout when the USA tested/detonated nuclear bombs at nearby Bikini and Enewetak Atolls between--and 1958.
ERUS stands for these four atolls, Enewetak, Rongelap, Utrik, and Bikini, and was organized to represent the voice of the nuclear victims and survivors from these atolls.
July 1st of this year [2005] marked the fifty-ninth year from the time Bikini and Enewetak atolls were used for the U.
On this date in 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named ''Ivy Mike,'' at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
From 1942 to 1946, he served in the Pacific Theatre in the role of beach master and coordinated landings at Kwajalein and Enewetak Atolls, Palau, Saipan and Tinian Islands.