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(ĕnĭwē`tŏk, ĕnē`wĕtôk), circular atoll, central Pacific, one of the Ralik Chain in the Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands,
officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2015 est. pop. 53,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in the west, with
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. Enewetak is c.50 mi (80 km) in circumference and comprises about 40 islets surrounding a large lagoon. Mandated to Japan by the League of Nations in 1920, Enewetak was captured in World War II by U.S. forces. Designated an atomic proving station, it was the site of atomic tests from 1947 to 1962 (first thermonuclear tests). Former residents, evacuated before the tests started, began returning in the early 1970s, and the island was declared to have been rendered safe in 1980.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adding Enewetak "is at the intersection of two of the biggest problems of the last century and this century, nuclear weapons and sea level rise.
The safety question has been a difficult one for the people of Bikini and Enewetak atolls.
If a nuclear waste storage facility on Enewetak Atoll succumbs to rising tides, or if an earthquake causes the meltdown of nuclear reactors that contaminate the Pacific Ocean, these events do not create problems just for local communities.
In addition, the USA tested 43 nuclear devices on Enewetak Atoll, 350 kilometres west of Bikini Atoll, between 1948 and 1958.
It was the baby carrier he was assigned to that transported the nuclear device tested on Enewetak Atoll.
The United States conducted 67 nuclear weapons tests at Bikini and Enewetak atolls from 1946 to 1958.
He served in the Navy in World War II and was stationed in Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands in the South Pacific.
The team analysed the ratio of the rare isotope of carbon (13C) to the more abundant carbon isotope (12C) from cores drilled in the Bahamas and the Enewetak Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
While many Americans have long since forgotten or were never aware of the tests that were conducted at Bikini Atoll and Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands keeps the memories and fight for compensation alive with political efforts and cultural productions.
El 10 de noviembre, Estados Unidos probo una bomba de hidrogeno en el atolon Enewetak de las Islas Marshall, unos 5,000 kilometros al oeste de Hawai.
Color of freshly collected material from Chesterfield Bank, Coral Sea, Palau, Enewetak, Fiji, Samoa and New Caledonia.