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(ĕnĭwē`tŏk, ĕnē`wĕtôk), circular atoll, central Pacific, one of the Ralik Chain in the Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands,
officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 59,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in the west, with
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. Enewetak is c.50 mi (80 km) in circumference and comprises about 40 islets surrounding a large lagoon. Mandated to Japan by the League of Nations in 1920, Enewetak was captured in World War II by U.S. forces. Designated an atomic proving station, it was the site of atomic tests from 1947 to 1962 (first thermonuclear tests). Former residents, evacuated before the tests started, began returning in the early 1970s, and the island was declared to have been rendered safe in 1980.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1968, biological agents, live staphylococcal enterotoxin type B, Bacillus globign and uranine dye, were sprayed in aerosolized form, not only over six military ships, but also over part of the Enewetak Atoll.
The United States conducted nuclear tests on and around the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls, two of the 29 atolls and five islands comprising the Republic of the Marshall Islands, from 1946 to 1958.
At 15 megatons, 'Castle Bravo,' was unexpectedly the largest (1) of 67 tests of nuclear and thermonuclear devices conducted at the Bikini and Enewetak atolls in the northern Marshall Islands between 1946 and 1958.
The United States conducted 67 nuclear weapons tests at Bikini and Enewetak atolls from 1946 to 1958.
Marines and Army troops took control from the Japanese in early 1944, following intense fighting on Kwajalein and Enewetak atolls.
nuclear tests conducted at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls from 1946 to 1958.
Testing resulted in devastation of the Enewetak people and complete vaporization of five of the Enewetak atolls.
Lijon Eknilang, from Rongelap Atoll in the Marshall Islands, was one of many people contaminated by radioactive fallout when the USA tested/detonated nuclear bombs at nearby Bikini and Enewetak Atolls between--and 1958.
From 1942 to 1946, he served in the Pacific Theatre in the role of beach master and coordinated landings at Kwajalein and Enewetak Atolls, Palau, Saipan and Tinian Islands.