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(ĕng`gĭls), city (1989 pop. 181,000), E European Russia, a port on the Volga River. It has a large chemical fiber complex. Founded by Ukrainian settlers, it was a major destination of German settlers during the reign of Catherine the Great. The city was called Pokrovsk until 1931. It was the capital (1924–41) of the German Volga Autonomous SSR.



(from 1914 to 1931, Pokrovsk), a city under oblast jurisdiction and the administrative center of Engel’s Raion, Saratov Oblast, RSFSR. Named in honor of F. Engels. Situated on the left bank of the Volga (the Volgograd Reservoir), opposite the city of Saratov. A highway bridge built in 1965 links Engel’s with Saratov. Engel’s has a railroad station (Pokrovsk-Privolzhskii) and a port. Population, 163,000 (1977; 22,000 in 1897, 91,000 in 1959, and 130,000 in 1970).

One of the leading industries in Engel’s is machine building, represented by the Uritskii Trolleybus Plant and plants producing vehicles, spark plugs for motor vehicles and tractors, and fuel filters. The city’s chemical industry includes the Khimvolokno Production Association and a detergent plant. Light industry is represented by a fulling and footwear factory, a weaving mill, and a garment factory. The city’s food-processing industry includes meat-packing, bread-baking, milk, and food-processing combines. Other plants manufacture reinforced-concrete construction members and products, metal structural components, and large panels for buildings. A district heat and power plant is located in the city.

Engel’s is the location of the Volga Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation, the technology department of the Saratov Polytechnic Institute, and a department of the Moscow Cooperative Institute. There are several technicums, including an industrial-pedagogical technicum, a municipal construction technicum, a chemical-mechanical technicum, and a cooperative trade technicum. The city also has an operetta theater and a museum of local lore.


Shkoda, K. I. Gorod Engel’s. Saratov, 1971.


Friedrich . 1820--95, German socialist leader and political philosopher, in England from 1849. He collaborated with Marx on The Communist Manifesto (1848) and his own works include Condition of the Working Classes in England (1844) and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884)
References in periodicals archive ?
With so many cinematic serial killers having paved the way, Hennicke's leering Engel is easily accomplished.
Engel started his new job shortly before war erupted between Israel and Hezbollah guerrillas in Lebanon.
In 2002, a German court convicted Engel of 59 counts of murder and handed him a suspended seven-year jail term for the 1944 shootings in a mountain pass near the Italian city of Genoa.
In it, Engel enthusiastically corresponds with a Who's Who of Canadian literature: Margaret Laurence, Margaret Atwood, Alice Munro, Timothy Findley, Hugh MacLennan, Bob Weaver and Jack McClelland, among others.
Engel is survived by his wife of 46 years, Pat, and their sons, William M.
Death and Drama, however, considers the significance of the memory arts to early modern culture; it nicely complements recent translations of important works by Paolo Rossi and Lina Bolzoni (both of which presumably appeared too late for Engel to incorporate them), and builds upon the author's own Mapping Mortality:.
In court, Engel cited an order from Hitler to "retaliate massively" for attacks on German forces in Italy.
The Army Guard-Reserve officers are vital towards integrating Active and Reserve components during operations," said Engel.
People with uncontrolled epilepsy can't drive and often don't marry or develop social skills necessary for a normal life, Engel says.
Engel recently said he was, jointly responsible but not guilty, for the killing of 59 Italian prisoners of war.
The Kerry and Engel bills are supported by the National Safe Kids Campaign (NSKC).