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See W. Maass, Assassination in Vienna (1972).
Born Oct. 4, 1892, in Texing, Lower Austria; died July 25, 1934, in Vienna. Austrian political figure and a leader of the reactionary Christian Socialist Party. In 1931-32 he was minister of agriculture and forestry. In May 1932 he became chancellor and minister of foreign affairs. Dollfuss’ government contributed to the gradual growth of fascism in the country. In May 1933 it banned the Communist party, and in February 1934 it massacred the workers’ Schutzbund. In his foreign policy Dollfuss was oriented toward fascist Italy. On Mar. 17, 1934, Dollfuss, along with the governments of Italy and Hungary, signed the so-called Rome Protocols rendering Austrian policy completely dependent on Italy. Dollfuss was killed by Austrian National Socialists, who were striving for Austria’s incorporation into fascist Germany.