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(ĕng`gĭls), city (1989 pop. 181,000), E European Russia, a port on the Volga River. It has a large chemical fiber complex. Founded by Ukrainian settlers, it was a major destination of German settlers during the reign of Catherine the Great. The city was called Pokrovsk until 1931. It was the capital (1924–41) of the German Volga Autonomous SSR.



(from 1914 to 1931, Pokrovsk), a city under oblast jurisdiction and the administrative center of Engel’s Raion, Saratov Oblast, RSFSR. Named in honor of F. Engels. Situated on the left bank of the Volga (the Volgograd Reservoir), opposite the city of Saratov. A highway bridge built in 1965 links Engel’s with Saratov. Engel’s has a railroad station (Pokrovsk-Privolzhskii) and a port. Population, 163,000 (1977; 22,000 in 1897, 91,000 in 1959, and 130,000 in 1970).

One of the leading industries in Engel’s is machine building, represented by the Uritskii Trolleybus Plant and plants producing vehicles, spark plugs for motor vehicles and tractors, and fuel filters. The city’s chemical industry includes the Khimvolokno Production Association and a detergent plant. Light industry is represented by a fulling and footwear factory, a weaving mill, and a garment factory. The city’s food-processing industry includes meat-packing, bread-baking, milk, and food-processing combines. Other plants manufacture reinforced-concrete construction members and products, metal structural components, and large panels for buildings. A district heat and power plant is located in the city.

Engel’s is the location of the Volga Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation, the technology department of the Saratov Polytechnic Institute, and a department of the Moscow Cooperative Institute. There are several technicums, including an industrial-pedagogical technicum, a municipal construction technicum, a chemical-mechanical technicum, and a cooperative trade technicum. The city also has an operetta theater and a museum of local lore.


Shkoda, K. I. Gorod Engel’s. Saratov, 1971.


Friedrich . 1820--95, German socialist leader and political philosopher, in England from 1849. He collaborated with Marx on The Communist Manifesto (1848) and his own works include Condition of the Working Classes in England (1844) and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884)
References in periodicals archive ?
Media Contact: Barbara Engels, Xulon Press, 866-381-2665, engels.
Artist Peter Engels paints many celebrities and his biggest problem is getting them to pose for him.
Hunt said that Engels, who penned "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, was a champagne-drinking womaniser who "frequented boudoirs and brothels" and likened gays and lesbians to "pederasts".
Engel and her daughter are enrolled in the Introduction to Rock Climbing class at the Agoura Hills/Calabasas Community Center rock wall.
Engels has extensive experience in the biological and pharmaceutical industries, including various positions with Bayer Corp.
In spite of his respectable age, Nelson Mandela has a vivid appearance," Peter Engels says.
Richard Engel said there will be plenty of work with new and experimental aircraft but fewer people and resources to complete the tasks.
Peter Engels creates his 'Vintage Portraits' with a knife in a unique style very much his own, using sepia colours to produce breath-taking close-ups of well-known characters.
Engel as commander of the Air Force Flight Test Center, Edwards' parent unit, base officials said Friday.
Engels will assume the position of CEO effective immediately.
There's always been an odor,'' said Deputy Rick Engels, resident deputy for the eastern Antelope Valley.
Engels has been appointed to its Board of Directors.