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(ĕng`gĭls), city (1989 pop. 181,000), E European Russia, a port on the Volga River. It has a large chemical fiber complex. Founded by Ukrainian settlers, it was a major destination of German settlers during the reign of Catherine the Great. The city was called Pokrovsk until 1931. It was the capital (1924–41) of the German Volga Autonomous SSR.



(from 1914 to 1931, Pokrovsk), a city under oblast jurisdiction and the administrative center of Engel’s Raion, Saratov Oblast, RSFSR. Named in honor of F. Engels. Situated on the left bank of the Volga (the Volgograd Reservoir), opposite the city of Saratov. A highway bridge built in 1965 links Engel’s with Saratov. Engel’s has a railroad station (Pokrovsk-Privolzhskii) and a port. Population, 163,000 (1977; 22,000 in 1897, 91,000 in 1959, and 130,000 in 1970).

One of the leading industries in Engel’s is machine building, represented by the Uritskii Trolleybus Plant and plants producing vehicles, spark plugs for motor vehicles and tractors, and fuel filters. The city’s chemical industry includes the Khimvolokno Production Association and a detergent plant. Light industry is represented by a fulling and footwear factory, a weaving mill, and a garment factory. The city’s food-processing industry includes meat-packing, bread-baking, milk, and food-processing combines. Other plants manufacture reinforced-concrete construction members and products, metal structural components, and large panels for buildings. A district heat and power plant is located in the city.

Engel’s is the location of the Volga Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Land Reclamation, the technology department of the Saratov Polytechnic Institute, and a department of the Moscow Cooperative Institute. There are several technicums, including an industrial-pedagogical technicum, a municipal construction technicum, a chemical-mechanical technicum, and a cooperative trade technicum. The city also has an operetta theater and a museum of local lore.


Shkoda, K. I. Gorod Engel’s. Saratov, 1971.


Friedrich . 1820--95, German socialist leader and political philosopher, in England from 1849. He collaborated with Marx on The Communist Manifesto (1848) and his own works include Condition of the Working Classes in England (1844) and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884)
References in periodicals archive ?
Engels nomination and confirm him to this important position.
Engels baja poco a poco del cielo a la tierra, y descendiendo a los infiernos de su vida temporal, queda sumido en el torbellino de su epoca, como uno mas en aquella circunstancia historica, un personaje particular, un gentleman pendenciero, esforzado, contradictorio y decepcionante para quien haya visto su obra a la luz de los ?
Hunt relates how Engels rejected the stolid pietism of his Protestant background, discovering German Romanticism, Shelley's poetry and the rebellion against authoritarian conservatism of Young Germany.
Hunt said that Engels, who penned "The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx, was a champagne-drinking womaniser who "frequented boudoirs and brothels" and likened gays and lesbians to "pederasts".
Engels after Marx moves us closer to this context by reexamining the putative founder of dialectical materialism, Friedrich Engels.
But the description of Engels' home town of Barmen, as related by Hunt, shows the pitfalls of relying on questionable translations: when Engels refers to the 'purple waves of the narrow river .