Engler, Adolf Gustav Heinrich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Engler, Adolf Gustav Heinrich


Born Mar. 25, 1844, in Sagan; died Oct. 10, 1930, in Berlin. German botanist.

Engler graduated from the University of Breslau in 1866. He was an assistant docent at the University of Munich in 1871 and a professor at the University of Kiel in 1878, the University of Breslau in 1884, and the University of Berlin from 1889 to 1921.

In 1887, Engler developed a phylogenetic system for flowering plants; its lowest category was the genus. Engler’s system was accepted in many herbaria and floras, including Flora of the USSR (vols. 1–30, 1934–64). Engler was one of the founders of the historical geography of plants. He compiled and edited several basic reference works, including The Natural Plant Families (1887–1915), The Plant Kingdom (from 1900), and The Vegetation of the Earth (1896–1928).

Engler was a foreign corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1888) and an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1927).


Versuch einer Entwicklungsgeschichte der Pflanzenwelt, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1879–82.
Syllabus der Planzenfamilien, 12th ed., vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1954–64.


Diels, L. “Zum Gedächtnis von Adolf Engler.” Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik der Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie, 1931, vol. 64.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.