English Channel

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English Channel,

Fr. La Manche [the sleeve], arm of the Atlantic Ocean, c.350 (560 km) long, between France and Great Britain. It is 112 mi (180 km) wide at its west entrance, between Land's End, England, and Ushant, France. Its greatest width, c.150 mi (240 km) is between Lyme Bay and the Gulf of St.-Malo; at the east, between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez, it is 21 mi (34 km) wide. The Strait of Dover connects the Channel with the North Sea. Principal islands are the Isle of WightWight, Isle of
, island and county (1991 pop. 126,600), 147 sq mi (381 sq km), S England, across the Solent and Spithead channels from Hampshire. The administrative center is Newport.
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 and the Channel IslandsChannel Islands,
archipelago (2015 est. pop. 164,000), 75 sq mi (194 sq km), 10 mi (16 km) off the coast of Normandy, France, in the English Channel. The main islands are Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, and Sark, and there are several smaller islands, including Herm, Jethou, and
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. The principal Channel ports are Plymouth, Southampton, Portsmouth, and Dover (in England) and Cherbourg, Le Havre, Dieppe, and Calais (in France). Noted resorts include Deauville, France, and Brighton, England. A train-ferry service to carry passengers and freight between Paris and London was opened between Dover and Dunkirk in 1936. There are other ferry and hovercraft links, as well as the link under the Channel via the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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, opened in 1994. In 1785, J. P. Blanchard and Dr. John Jeffries crossed the Channel by balloon; the first person to swim across was Matthew Webb (1875); and the first airplane crossing was made by BlériotBlériot, Louis
, 1872–1936, French aviator and inventor. He devoted the fortune acquired by his invention of an automobile searchlight to the invention and construction of monoplanes.
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 in 1909.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

English Channel


a strait between the northern coast of Western Europe and Britain. Together with Pas de Calais (Strait of Dover), it links the North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. It is about 520 km long, and its width gradually narrows from about 180 km in the west to 32 km in the east. Its depth in the fairway is 35 m, and its maximum depth is 172 m. There are many shoals, especially in the eastern part. Western winds result in a steady eastward current with a velocity of up to 3 km per hour (in narrow sections). Tides are semidiurnal, reaching 12.2 m in some places (Golfe de Saint-Malo). Fogs are frequent.

The channel is important for transportation. One of the major routes (in cargo turnover) from the countries of the North and Baltic seas to North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia passes through the channel. The main British ports are Portsmouth, Southampton, and Plymouth, and the chief French ports are Le Havre and Cherbourg. Fishing is well developed (plaice, mackerel, cod, halibut). Plans are under consideration for building a tunnel under the Pas de Calais.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

English Channel

an arm of the Atlantic Ocean between S England and N France, linked with the North Sea by the Strait of Dover. Length: about 560 km (350 miles). Width: between 32 km (20 miles) and 161 km (100 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Zapata wanted to cross the English Channel in 20 minutes; since he can only carry fuel in his backpack to last just 10 minutes, he planned to refuel his backpack halfway through the flight.
The post Plane carrying Cardiff's Sala goes missing over English Channel appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
In the past a few years, illegal migration through the English Channel, which is a narrow arm of the Atlantic Ocean separating the southern coast of England from the northern coast of France, has increased manifold.
His latest swim in California was part of his training for his third attempt to swim the English Channel.
"I would do it all again in a heartbeat but I've got my eyes set on a new challenge - the English Channel. It's about the same distance but it will be 100 times harder so I think I will wait a little while and give my parents a chance to recover from my last challenge."
Of course, the English Channel must be a busy place, we're not completely clueless, but when you see the hidden nerve-centres and hordes of busy staff, it's an eye-opener into how much we rely on it.
By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO -- 10 November 2017: The first Egyptian swimmer with Down Syndrome who tried to cross the English Channel, Mohamed al-Husseini, is one of the youth who were honored by President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi in the closing ceremony of World Youth Forum (WYF).
Airbus and a French pilot flew their first electric planes across the English Channel in July for showing the world that E-flight is viable.
Marie Dompnier Witnesses Channel 4, 10pm The broadcaster's last raid across the English Channel resulted in the acquisition of one of the most intriguing dramas of 2014.
THE first Welsh woman to swim across the English Channel has passed away at the age of 87.
Paris, Shawwal 9, 1435, Aug 5, 2014, SPA -- Migrants massing at France's English Channel port of Calais clashed before dawn on Tuesday in battles that left 51 injured, one seriously.
Friends and family have paid tribute to Susan Taylor,(http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/490282/20130715/british-woman-dies-swimming-english-channel-cap.htm) who died while swimming the English Channel within sight of the French coast .