European Anchovy

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

European Anchovy

 

(Engraulis encrasicholus), a fish of the family Engraulidae of the order Clupeiformes. The fish is up to 15 cm long. It is found in waters south of the North Sea; in the USSR it is found in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Traveling in schools, the European anchovy completes vertical daily migrations and migrations from wintering sites to spawning and feeding sites. It reaches maturity in its second year. Spawning occurs in batches from May to September. The European anchovy feeds on zooplankton and phyto-plankton and has a life-span of approximately three years. This fish is an important commercial product.

REFERENCES

Promyslovye ryby SSSR.[Moscow,] 1949.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
sarba caught between 01:30 and 04:30 h, and particularly towards the end of this time interval, contained ovaries undergoing ovulation and had newly formed POFs, the period between the onset of hydration and commencement of ovulation typically lasts about 7-10 hours, which is very similar to the duration estimated for species such as the black sea anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus) (Lisovenko and Andrianov, 1991) and ballyhoo (Hemiramphus brasiliensis) (McBride et al., 2003).
Furthermore, spawning is typically completed 2-5 hours after the commencement of ovulation, e.g., the spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus) (Brown-Peterson et al., 1988), the Black Sea anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus) (Lisovenko and Andrianov, 1991) and the weakfish (Cynoscion regalis) (Taylor and Villoso, 1994).