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(ĕnĭwē`tŏk, ĕnē`wĕtôk), circular atoll, central Pacific, one of the Ralik Chain in the Marshall IslandsMarshall Islands,
officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 59,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in the west, with
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. Enewetak is c.50 mi (80 km) in circumference and comprises about 40 islets surrounding a large lagoon. Mandated to Japan by the League of Nations in 1920, Enewetak was captured in World War II by U.S. forces. Designated an atomic proving station, it was the site of atomic tests from 1947 to 1962 (first thermonuclear tests). Former residents, evacuated before the tests started, began returning in the early 1970s, and the island was declared to have been rendered safe in 1980.
References in periodicals archive ?
13 February to 20 February 1945: Anchored off Eniwetok Atoll for 7 days.
On 9 April 1948, Agent Komori was attached to a special task force to provide security for Eniwetok Atoll, site of atomic weapons testing.
November: The United States expodes the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.
Miller, professor of earth and planetary sciences in the School of Arts and Sciences at Rutgers University, reached their conclusion by studying rock and soil cores in Virginia, Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific and New Zealand.
1952: At Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific, the USA detonated the first hydrogen bomb.
He was awarded an Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal with a Bronze Star for his service on Eniwetok Atoll.
Also on This Day: 1814: Birth of Adolphe Sax, inventor of the saxophone, in Dinant, Belgium; 1860: Abraham Lincoln was elected 16th president of the USA; 1893: Russian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky died after drinking unboiled water in St Petersburg during a cholera epidemic; 1935: The RAF's first monoplane fighter, the Hawker Hurricane, made its maiden flight; 1942: The Church of England relaxed its rule that women must wear hats in church: 1952: The USA exploded the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific: 1975: Punk rockers the Sex Pistols played their first gig, at St Martin's College of Art in London.
He was a communications officer on the island of Eniwetok Atoll in the South Pacific during World War II.