Enjambment


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Enjambment: end-stopped

Enjambment

 

in prosody, placement of the syntactic pause or stop at a position other than the rhythmic pause at the end of a line, hemistich, or stanza.

In classical verse there are three kinds of enjambment: rejet is the placement of the end of a clause or sentence at the beginning of the following line, contre-rejet the placement of the beginning of a sentence at the end of the preceding line, and double-rejet the placement of the beginning of a sentence at the end of one line and its conclusion at the start of the following line.

When enjambments are used sparingly, they give a strong intonational emphasis to the parts of the sentence severed by the line’s division. If they are numerous, they produce an intonation so close to that of prose that it almost obscures the verse rhythm; this is particularly true in dramatic verse. Classicism avoided enjambment; romanticism and some poetic schools of the 20th century cultivated it. An example of enjambment from modern poetry can be seen in the following lines of M. Tsvetaeva:

It matters not to me among which
People—I shall be bristling like a captive
Lion, or from what circle of people
I shall be excluded—inevitably …

REFERENCE

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
7) "Ode Triunfal" is one of Campos's longest poems, with 32 irregular stanzas (totaling 239 verses), long lines (some reaching 20 syllables) and 11 enjambments.
1) Those containing NO ENJAMBMENT (0E), in which the end of a line coincides with the end of a sentence:
The lingering or pausing at the point of the internal enjambments in this strongly accentual poem can be felt as a silent or virtual beat.
Turning, now, to the work of the imagery in relation to enjambment, I'd like to offer up a metaphor.
This fact is significant given that the sentences surrounding it use enjambment freely.
If poetry is defined precisely by the possibility of enjambment," he notes, "it follows that the last verse of a poem is not a verse" ("End of Poem" 112).
Major narrative segmentation throughout this miniature six-stanza episode coincides with the intervals between stanzas, reflecting the form's strong closure and resistance to stanza-to-stanza enjambment.
So enjambment has something to do with the stride or meter of poetry.
The cut--bar of fraction, stroke of enjambment, the rigid versus of prorsus (where prose comes from, that going-straight-ahead), the swing and turn at the end of the line, the line aligning not with the page or margin but with its own internal and autochthonous constraint, impeccably, coldly executed by the sword of immanence in language.
While I am aware that, given our still imperfect knowledge of Old Javanese, the matter is still very much open to debate, my impression is that Robson has gone a bit too far in assuming enjambment in his translation of the Old Javanese verses (see his critical remarks on this point, and on the inappropriateness of translating word-for-word, p.
The poetic phenomenon of enjambment (a lack of a syntactical break between separate rhythmic units) is therefore important for him and he has to posit various laws of interaction and promotion in the hierarchy of phonic relations.
Through its author's deft use of enjambment, cadence and sonic patterning, the poem captures a private moment, even as its speaker constructs a public persona.