Enkomi


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Enkomi

 

an ancient city in southeastern Cyprus that arose in the third millennium B.C. and flourished from 1600 B.C. to 1050 B.C. Enkomi was also known as Alashiya (a name that in the 15th century B.C. became applied to the entire island of Cyprus).

An influx of Achaeans from Greece in the 16th century B.C. contributed to the rapid growth of Enkomi and led to the predominance of features of the Mycenaean culture. Excavations begun in the early 20th century uncovered ruins of a defensive cy-clopean wall and of a royal palace dating from the late 15th to early 13th centuries B.C. In Enkomi multiroom houses that had family burial vaults under them were built along paved streets. Evidence of copper-smelting production, including copper ingots made for export, has been discovered in the artisans’ quarters of the city.

Enkomi was overrun by a new wave of Achaean settlers circa 1200 B.C; a temple of Apollo was erected from cut stone next to a restored palace. Enkomi went into decline circa 1050 B.C. as a result of attacks by the Peoples of the Sea.

REFERENCE

Schaeffer, C. F. A. Enkomi—Alasia. Paris, 1952.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 n = 721 n = 117 n = 16 Not identified 10 -- -- Akhera -- -- -- Alambra 12 -- -- Amathus 44 3 -- Ankastina 3 1 -- Ayia Irina 11 -- -- Ayios Jakovos 18 5 -- Enkomi 156 25 -- Famagusta 7 -- -- Halla Sultan Tekke 13 2 -- Kalopsidha 32 1 -- Kition 60 10 -- Kouklia 9 -- -- Kythrea 10 -- 2 Lapithos 98 35 14 Larnaca 6 12 -- Marion 4 -- -- Milia 84 2 -- Morphou 9 1 -- Nitovikla 3 -- -- Palaepaphos 61 18 -- Paleoskoutella 25 -- -- Pendayia -- -- -- Phaneromeni 4 -- -- Salamis 37 1 -- Stylli 3 1 -- 3 3.
Bronze statue of the 'Ingot God' from Enkomi, now in the Cyprus Museum
Salamis was founded after the abandonment of the Bronze Age entrepot of Enkomi around 1050 BC.
Among the topics are Late Bronze Age copper production in Cyprus from a mining geologists perspective, the early phases of metallurgy and metalwork in Enkomi, metallurgy and metalworking in the harbor town of Knossos at Poros-Katsambas, the evidence for metallurgical workshops of the second millennium in Ugarit, and new perspectives on Iron Age copper production and society in the Faynan region of Jordan.
In Room 23, located in the eastern extension of the Swedish trench, a stone bovine figurine was found that recalls a similar figurine from Enkomi, found by Claude F.
It is rather difficult to substantiate the stated monumentality of this building from the data presented and Smith's comparisons with monumental buildings at Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios and Enkomi would seem to overstate matters.
We managed to take in some of the highlights, like the green- horned god from Enkomi and the strange figurines displayed as they were found at Agra Irini, 2000 of them gathered around a single altar.
27) Bu da Enkomi yoresinde bakir madeninin islenmesi ve onemli bir ihrac maddesi olmasini ve bunun islenmesinde kadin ve erkegin esit rolu oldugunu dusundurur.
The essays include an appreciation of Tatton-Brown's career, an assessment of the state of Cypriot archaeology, reconstruction of a Persian siege at the Cypriot city of Paphos, a report of an excavation of tomb at the Bronze Age site of Enkomi, parents and children in Cypriot sculpture, and an analysis of the Kourion notebook (an archaeological report of an early excavation that is held at the British Museum).
It is worth mentioning here a statue known as the 'god of the ingot', found at the sanctuary of Enkomi (Cyprus) and dated to the twelfth century BC (Schaeffer 1965).
Although monumental architecture, and particularly the Late Bronze Age "fortress" at Enkomi, are linked to the rise of state-level society (p.
He suggests that it was a way station between Enkomi and copper mines.