Enkomi


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Enkomi

 

an ancient city in southeastern Cyprus that arose in the third millennium B.C. and flourished from 1600 B.C. to 1050 B.C. Enkomi was also known as Alashiya (a name that in the 15th century B.C. became applied to the entire island of Cyprus).

An influx of Achaeans from Greece in the 16th century B.C. contributed to the rapid growth of Enkomi and led to the predominance of features of the Mycenaean culture. Excavations begun in the early 20th century uncovered ruins of a defensive cy-clopean wall and of a royal palace dating from the late 15th to early 13th centuries B.C. In Enkomi multiroom houses that had family burial vaults under them were built along paved streets. Evidence of copper-smelting production, including copper ingots made for export, has been discovered in the artisans’ quarters of the city.

Enkomi was overrun by a new wave of Achaean settlers circa 1200 B.C; a temple of Apollo was erected from cut stone next to a restored palace. Enkomi went into decline circa 1050 B.C. as a result of attacks by the Peoples of the Sea.

REFERENCE

Schaeffer, C. F. A. Enkomi—Alasia. Paris, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
358) that there is virtually no evidence for storage at Morphou Toumba tou Skourou is incorrect (Vermeule and Wolsky 1990: 109-10; House B, Room 3); Enkomi Cypriot Grave 24 did not contain a wealthy elite burial (p.
the other grave offering in Glasinatz included numerous kraters and bowls similar to those [unearthed] in the Philistine layers of Ashkelon." (10) Bronze Age burials at Dendra and Achaia in Greece have been unearthed containing the remains of Mycenaean warriors wearing bronze greaves and bronze armor in general that, in the words of Emily Vermeule, the great scholar of pre-Classical Greece, "agree with formulas in Homeric poetry." (11) Similar greaves were unearthed at Enkomi on Cyprus, dating from the same era, as well as at somewhat later sites on Sardinia.
Bronze statue of the 'Ingot God' from Enkomi, now in the Cyprus Museum
He went on to excavate another Neolithic settlement at Sotira and the Late Bronze Age urban site of Enkomi. These projects were fully published and contribute significantly to our knowledge of prehistoric Cyprus.
Salamis was founded after the abandonment of the Bronze Age entrepot of Enkomi around 1050 BC.
Among the topics are Late Bronze Age copper production in Cyprus from a mining geologists perspective, the early phases of metallurgy and metalwork in Enkomi, metallurgy and metalworking in the harbor town of Knossos at Poros-Katsambas, the evidence for metallurgical workshops of the second millennium in Ugarit, and new perspectives on Iron Age copper production and society in the Faynan region of Jordan.
We managed to take in some of the highlights, like the green- horned god from Enkomi and the strange figurines displayed as they were found at Agra Irini, 2000 of them gathered around a single altar.
Gec Tunc Cagi'nin sonlarina dogru oldugu sanilan Enkomi'de acik bir tapinakta yan yana bulunan ingot denilen okuz derisi seklinde yapilan bakir levhasi uzerinde duran kadin heykelcigi ile boynuzlari olan ve yine bakir levhasi uzerinde duran erkek heykelcigi de o yillarin bakir madeninin koruyucu tanri ve tanricalari olarak yorumlanabilir.