Atrophy of the retrobulbar fat leading to enophthalmos
is common, [7,11,12] other potential orbital abnormalities include uveitis and retinal or optic nerve alterations.
At one month after trauma, the patient's eye movements remained intact, and there were no diplopia and apparent enophthalmos
. Given these clinical findings, he was subjected to conservative treatment with regular follow-ups.
, increased amplitude of accommodation, retraction in the ipsilateral eyelid, alteration in lacrimal viscosity, and heterochromia in patients aged below 2 years may accompany these findings in addition to myosis, ptosis, and ipsilateral sweating disorder in the face (2).
The dehydration is classified as mild (loss of fluids between 6 and 8% BW), moderate (between 8 and 10% BW), and severe (between 10 and 12% BW), and the evaluation is based on clinical signs, such as behavior, degree of retraction of the eyeball in the orbit (enophthalmos
), and skin turgor (SMITH, 2009).
The typical clinical features include myosis, ipsilateral blepharoptosis, enophthalmos
, facial anhydrosis, and vascular dilation of the lateral part of the face.
Stage I is characterized by a lateralized maxillary fontanel (membranous deformity); stage II is defined as inward bowing of one or more of the osseous walls (bone deformity); and stage III is characterized by enophthalmos
, hypoglobus, and/or midfacial deformity (clinical deformity) [1, 5].
Signs of entropion include epiphora, moisture on eyelid margins and eyelids, mucopurulent discharge, blepharospasm, enophthalmos
. There is increased conjunctival vascularity and signs of chronic irritation of cornea, such as edema, pannus, granulation, pigmentation and ulceration (Stades and Gelatt, 2007).
It is characterized by the presence of myosis, ptosis, and anhidrosis, with or without enophthalmos
. (1) Its primary cause is the ipsilateral interruption of the sympathetic nerve fibers that innervate the pupil, the upper eyelid lifter muscle, and the facial region.
surgery, and possible outcomes, particularly limitation in horizontal gaze positions, enophthalmos
, and narrowing of the lid fissure.
The term "silent sinus syndrome" is characterized by unilateral progressive painless enophthalmos
, hypoglobus and facial asymmetry due to chronic maxillary sinus atelectasis.
He had partial leftsided eyelid ptosis with apparent enophthalmos
of the left globe.
Rumelt, "Functional indications for enophthalmos
repair," Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, vol.