Enrico Berlinguer

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Berlinguer, Enrico


Born May 25, 1922, in Sassari, Sardinia. Active in the Italian communist movement.

Berlinguer received his education in jurisprudence. He became active in the antifascist movement in 1937 and has been a member of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) since 1943. He was secretary of the Communist Youth provincial organization in Sassari. After the liberation of Italy in 1945 from the German fascist invaders (who occupied the country in 1943), Berlinguer was elected a member of the Secretariat of the Communist Youth League. He has been a candidate member of the PCI Central Committee since 1946 and a member of the PCI Central Committee and a candidate member of the PCI Leadership since 1948. He was secretary of the Italian Communist Youth Federation from 1950 to 1956, president of the World Federation of Democratic Youth from 1950 to 1953, and a member of the PCI leadership since 1960. From 1958 to 1960 and again from 1962 to 1966, Berlinguer was a member of the PCI Secretariat and then secretary of the PCI province committee in Lazio. He has been deputy secretary general of the PCI since February 1969, secretary general of the PCI since 1972, and deputy to the parliament since 1968.

References in periodicals archive ?
Le leader d'un parti d'opposition, on comprend grace a un portrait du mythique leader historique du PC italien Enrico Berlinguer que l'allusion va aux partis de gauche, en baisse dans les sondages va s'eclipser (sur les traces d'une vieille histoire d'amour) pour laisser ses camardes dans l'embarras.
Nel secondo capitolo, Kulturkritik e vaudeville, Perolino affronta il legame tra la scrittura di Arbasino e il postmoderno, individuando nella vicenda di Moro e nella morte di Enrico Berlinguer due <<eventi-simulacro di spessore collettivo>> (36) che stabiliscono lo spazio temporale in cui la postmodernita si afferma in Italia come dottrina estetica.
While remaining faithful Soviet lackeys, Eurocommunist leaders like George Marchais, Enrico Berlinguer, and Santiago Carillo publicly criticized the Kremlin over human rights issues and denounced communist terrorist groups--but only as a ploy to gain legitimacy and extend communist influence through democratic means.
In the June 1984 European elections for the first time the PCI vote was greater than any other party in Italy, a triumph attributed to the sudden death from a brain haemorrhage of the PCI's highly respected general-secretary Enrico Berlinguer during a rally address on the eve of voting.