Enrico Caruso


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Caruso, Enrico

(kəro͞o`sō, Ital. änrē`kō käro͞o`zō), 1873–1921, Italian operatic tenor, b. Naples. The natural beauty, range, and power of his voice made him one of the greatest singers in the history of opera. He studied for three years with Guglielmo Vergine and made his operatic debut in Naples in 1894. His first major success came in London in 1902, and he achieved even greater triumph with his American debut in 1903 at the Metropolitan Opera as the duke in Rigoletto. He remained the reigning favorite at the Metropolitan until a short time before his death (from pleurisy). He sang more than 50 roles in Italian and French operas, such as La Traviata, Aida, La Bohème, Tosca, and Carmen. After his death his recordings perpetuated his fame.

Bibliography

See biographies by D. P. B. Caruso (new ed. 1963) and S. Jackson (1972).

Caruso, Enrico

 

Born Feb. 24 (other sources give 25 or 27), 1873, in Naples; died there Aug. 2, 1921. Italian singer (tenor).

In his youth Caruso sang in a church choir and from 1891 studied under G. Vergine. He made his debut in 1894 at the Teatro Nuovo in Naples. He toured Italy between 1895 and 1898 and in 1900–01 sang at La Scala in Milan. Caruso was a leading soloist at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York (1903–20), toured triumphantly from 1898 in many countries (Russia, 1898 and 1900), and performed yearly in Italy.

Caruso was one of the most admired opera singers in the world; his voice, with an extraordinary range, beautiful timbre, and unusual strength, abounded in warmth of feeling. His brilliant acting and strength and passion in singing enabled Caruso to perform a range of tenor roles from lyric to tragic. His best parts were the Duke, Manrico, and Radamès in Verdi’s Rigoletto, Il Trovatore, and Aida; Nemorino in Donizetti’s L’Elisir d’Amore; Faust in Boito’s Mefistofele; Canio in Leoncavallo’s Pagliacci; Turiddu in Mascagni’s Cavalleria Rusticana; Rudolfo, Cavaradossi, and Des Grieux in Puccini’s La Bohème, Tosca, and Manon Lescaut; Don José in Bizet’s Carmen; Eleazar in Halévy’s La Juive; and Lionel in Flotow’s Martha. Caruso performed Neapolitan songs with exceptional fervor.

WORKS

“Kak nuzhno pet’.” TeatraVnaia gazeta, 1914, nos. 16–18.

REFERENCES

L’vov, M. “E. Karuzo.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1955, no. 1, pp. 98–100.
Tortorelli, V. E. Karuzo. Moscow, 1965. (Translated from Italian.)
Fucito, S., and B. J. Beyer. Iskusstvo peniia i vokaVnaia metodika E. Karuzo, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1967. (Translated from German.)
Daspuro, N. E. Caruso. [Milan] 1938.
Mouchon, J.-P. Enrico Caruso: Sa Vie et sa voix. Langres, 1966.
Lauri-Volpi, G. Voci parallele. Milan, 1955. (In Russian translation: VokaVnye paralleli. Leningrad, 1972. Pages 158–169.)

S. M. GRISHCHENKO

Caruso, Enrico (1873–1921)

world’s most celebrated tenor. [Opera Hist.: NCE, 469]
References in periodicals archive ?
The critic wrote that neither the soprano nor "Enrico Caruso were vocally at their best.
Citing a significant piece of research by Martin Sokol, Bolig has now correctly placed them in April and October 1903, respectively (Martin Sokol, "The Pre-Victor Recordings of Enrico Caruso," Antique Phonograph Monthly V, no.
Despues de 3 anos de lecciones, Enrico Caruso debuto en el Teatro Griego de Los Angeles, grabo algunos discos y mas tarde canto arias operisticas en las peliculas The fortune teller (en espanol la titularon Buenaventura) y The golden voice (La voz de oro), donde represento a su por entonces ya fallecido padre.
The reader will be delighted to read about the different restaurants that provided excellent Italian cuisine to some very famous stars such as Jimmy Durante, Sarah Vaughn, Billie Holiday, Jackie Gleason, Enrico Caruso, Abbot & Costello, Rocky Marchiano and others.
Enrico Caruso 1969: The US Mariner unmanned spacecraft beamed the first pictures of Mars back to Earth.
The following year he starred in The Toast of New Orleans and in 1951 he played the famous Italian tenor Enrico Caruso in The Great Caruso.
The opera that I love so much came later, at age 10 when I discovered Enrico Caruso. It was impossible to just listen to his singing.
Salford-born Watson, 49, said his grandmother inspired him by playing songs by Mario Lanza and Enrico Caruso.
En el ano 86 Vargas gana el concurso Enrico Caruso en Milan, se establece en Austria y firma un contrato con la compania del Teatro de Lucerna.
Written by Lucio Dalla in 1986 and a huge hit at the time, it was inspired by the 19th century tenor Enrico Caruso and his final moments looking into the eyes of a woman he loved.
"The pub enjoys a rich history and has had a number of famous visitors, including Enrico Caruso, Marie Lloyd and Charlie Chaplin," said a spokesman for Oakham Ales, which bought the business in 2002 and restored it to its former Victorian glory.
He said he knew he wanted to be an opera singer since he was six years old and saw the movie The Great Caruso, about Italian tenor Enrico Caruso, starring Mario Lanza.