Rapid and specific detection of toxigenic Staphylococcus aureus: use of two multiplex PCR enzyme immunoassays for amplification and hybridization of staphylococcal enterotoxin
genes, exfoliative toxin genes, and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 gene.
Several structurally similar but antigenically different staphylococcal enterotoxins
(A-R) encoded by sea-ser are identified by different authors (Vasconcelos et al., 2011; Rahimi, 2013).
Staphylococcal food poisoning caused by Staphylococcus argenteus harboring staphylococcal enterotoxin
Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus isolates were determined by detection of some enterotoxin
genes (sea, seb, and seg) using mPCR technique.
Incubation of these strains in sea water and freshwater showed that genes encoding ETEC (STa, heat-stable and LT, heat-labile enterotoxins
) and colonization factors (CS7 and CS17; gapA and 16S RNA, respectively) were expressed over a period of three months in both aqueous media.
aureus produces numerous serologically distinct enterotoxins
, (A through V, excluding F) (2).
Purification of El Tor cholera enterotoxins
and comparisons with classical toxin.
The toxic proteins that caused the food poisoning were attributable to enterotoxins
produced by staphylococcus aureus.
Chiang YC, Liao WW, Fan CM, Pai WY, Chiou CS, Tsen HY (2008) PCR detection of staphylococcal enterotoxins
(SEs) N, O, P, Q, R, U, and survey of SE types in Staphylococcus aureus isolates from food-poisoning cases in Taiwan.
Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxins
, guanylins, and their receptors: what are they and what do they do?
Escherichia coli strains that cause diarrhoea but do not produce heat-labile or heat-stable enterotoxins
and are non-invasive.