Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
a genus of small acid-resistant viruses that contain a single-strand molecule of RNA.
Enteroviruses belong to the family of picornaviruses. They mainly inhabit the intestine of vertebrates, including man, often spreading to and affecting other organs. Enteroviruses include the three types of poliomyelitis virus, which cause disease of the central nervous system and paralysis. Another major group of the genus are the Coxsackie viruses (groups A and B, embracing 30 types), causative agents of encephalomyocarditis of the newborn, pericarditis, aseptic meningitis, and other diseases of man. Enteroviruses also include echoviruses, enterovirus of cows and pigs, the virus of hepatitis in ducks, the virus of encephalomyelitis in mice, and several other enteroviruses of vertebrate animals.
REFERENCESZhdanov, V. M., and S. Ia. Gaidamovich. Virusologiia. Moscow, 1966.
The Biology of Animal Viruses, 2nd ed. New York, 1974.