Envelopment


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Envelopment

 

a troop maneuver carried out to strike blows at one or both flanks of the enemy.

Envelopment is employed in a meeting engagement, in an offensive against an enemy who is on the defensive or is retreating, and in counterattacks while defending. The maneuver is initiated only if there are open flanks and gaps in the battle formations of the enemy. If there are none of these, it is carried out after the continuous front of the defense is broken through. Envelopment is carried out in close coordination of both fire and tactics with the troops attacking from the front. Envelopment differs from a turning movement in that the latter is carried out in greater depth. In the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), Soviet troops widely and successfully employed envelopment in combination with a turning movement, which made it possible to encircle the enemy troops.

References in periodicals archive ?
Army Field Manual 3-90, Tactics, there are five kinds of maneuver used in offensive operations: infiltration, penetration, frontal attacks, envelopments, and turning movements.
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There are a variety of existing techniques for solving MCDM problems, one of which is Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).
Kirigia, 2010) using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), investigated the technical and scale efficiency of hospitals in the republic of Benin.
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The presented method became known as data envelopment analysis (DEA).
A taxonomy and review of the fuzzy data envelopment analysis literature: Two decades in the making, European Journal of Operational Research, 214: 457-472.
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