Envelopment


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Envelopment

 

a troop maneuver carried out to strike blows at one or both flanks of the enemy.

Envelopment is employed in a meeting engagement, in an offensive against an enemy who is on the defensive or is retreating, and in counterattacks while defending. The maneuver is initiated only if there are open flanks and gaps in the battle formations of the enemy. If there are none of these, it is carried out after the continuous front of the defense is broken through. Envelopment is carried out in close coordination of both fire and tactics with the troops attacking from the front. Envelopment differs from a turning movement in that the latter is carried out in greater depth. In the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), Soviet troops widely and successfully employed envelopment in combination with a turning movement, which made it possible to encircle the enemy troops.

References in periodicals archive ?
Athanassopoulos, Antreas and Estelle Shale, (1997), "Assessing the Comparative Efficiency of Higher Education Institutions in the UK by Means of Data Envelopment Analysis", Education Economics, Vol.
Cooper, "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, 30:9, 1984, 1078-1092.
Data Envelopment Analysis" (DEA) is one among numerous approaches to estimate the relative efficiency of so called decision making units (DMUs), e.
The technique employed in the current paper is based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach first popularised by Charnes, Cooper, and Rhodes in 1978.
The Use of Goal Programming and Data Envelopment Analysis for Estimating Efficient Marginal Costs of Outputs," Journal of Operational Research Society, (48), 1997, pp.
Data envelopment analysis is a mathematical programming method that incorporates multiple inputs and multiple outputs to evaluate the relative efficiency of an organization, a project, or a program.
Scheraga (2002), "A Quality Assessment of Motor Carrier Maintenance Strategies: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis," Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics, Vol.
1996), A comparison of data envelopment analysis and ratio analysis as tools for performance assessment.
Rhodes, 1981, Evaluating Program and Managerial Efficiency: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis to the Program Follow Through: Experiment in U.
In this paper we compare two commonly applied techniques for efficiency analysis--stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) and data envelopment analysis (DEA).
In order to analyze the differing effectiveness of amalgam and composite survival times, this study employs a relatively new technique, data envelopment analysis (DEA).
Efficiency studies in forestry using data envelopment analysis.