Mustafa Kemal, much like the Unionist triumvirate of Enver Pasha
, Talat Pasha, and Cemal Pasha, believed in a form of government whereby the country would consist of "Turks." Unlike his predecessors, however, the Republic's mastermind had access to necessary means to make his destructive dream come true.
However," the text continues, "our Egyptian brethren have helped us to a certain degree financially and morally in the last two wars, and in spite of their unbelieving rulers, forwarded their collections on our behalf to the Capital of the Caliphate." This indicates an Ottoman author in Enver Pasha
's circle such as Shawish.
(b.1881-d.1922)--Pasha (see Pasha below) who died fighting in the Caucasus, he was part of the Committee of Union and Progress Party during the year of constitutional monarchy in Turkey (1876) and was also a leader of the Young Turk movement.
Despite such telling points, her interpretations are often reductive: however conservative, Werfel was not a volkisch thinker (a term she uses too loosely), and his Enver Pasha
by no means 'embodies stereotypical Oriental despotism' but is terrifying precisely because of his ultra-modern amorality.
is possibly the most enigmatic and romantic figure the Muslim world has produced in the 20th century.
's irrational support of the German and Austro-Hungarian Central Powers led the Ottoman Empire into war.
Most historians have fingered Enver Pasha
, Minister of War of the Committee of Union and Progress hereafter CUP), for the decision.
In March 1915 as difficulties mounted, Arthur Zimmermann, the Foreign Ministry's undersecretary of state, expressed his concern about the "attitude of the Great Sharif of Mecca." He urged the German embassy in Constantinople to take measures, in association with the Turkish war minister Enver Pasha
, "for the energetic combatting of English influence in Arabia." As a part of Berlin's growing awareness of the problem, the Foreign Ministry decided not only to reorganize and intensify German propaganda in the Ottoman Empire, but also to establish a method by which such propaganda could be spread more effectively throughout the Islamic world.(12)
The exhibition opens with the paintings by Wilhelm Viktor Krausz who was sent to the frontlines of ystanbul and Ecanakkale as a war artist and painted portraits of many prominent figures including Sultan Mehmed ReE-ad, Sadrazam Said Halim Pasha, E[currency]eyhE-lislam Hayri Efendi, Minister of War Enver Pasha
, Interior Minister Talat Pasha and most importantly the first known portrait of Mustafa Kemal Pasha.
Part IV, The Twentieth Century, is composed of "In Pursuit of Elusive Glory: Enver Pasha
's Role in the Pan-Islamic and Basmachi Movements," by Suhnaz Yilmaz, "Marshal Fevzi Cakmak's Family and Education," by Nilufer Hatemi, "Our Women Treasures: Early Republican Turkish Women and Their Public Identity," by Ipek K.
It was the repetition of the policies of Enver Pasha
. Not only the global powers that sponsored us, but also the regional powers were bothered by this.
Some of them are already well known such as those regarding Ataturk and Enver Pasha
. Others regarding the notorious supposed World War II Nazi spy "Cicero" show how this agent might really have been a double agent working for Turkey.