environmental impact statement


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environmental impact statement,

analysis of the impact that a proposed development, usually industrial, will have on the natural and social environment. It includes assessment of long- and short-term effects on the physical environment, such as air, water, and noise pollution, as well as effects on employment, living standards, local services, and aesthetics. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as well as many state and local laws enacted during the late 1960s and early 1970s mandate that these statements be completed before major development projects can begin.

Federal-level environmental impact statements are written by any federal agency on its own behalf or on behalf of a state, local, or private concern that it regulates or funds. Because of the complexity of the environment and the many ways any one project might impinge upon it, the authors of an environmental impact statement usually represent many areas of expertise and may include biologists, sociologists, economists, and engineers. The types of projects covered include dredging, highway or dam construction, and real estate development. A draft statement is submitted to concerned government agencies, especially the Environmental Protection AgencyEnvironmental Protection Agency
(EPA), independent agency of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution, noise pollution, and radiation and to ensure the safe handling and disposal of toxic
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, and to the public for consideration. In some cases litigation arises from environmental groups who want to block a project or from parties who feel that the assessment overstates the risks to the environment to the detriment of economic interests.

Bibliography

See R. K. Jain, L. V. Urban, and G. S. Stacey, Environmental Impact Analysis (2d ed. 1981).

Environmental impact statement

A document required of federal agencies by the National Environmental Policy Act for major projects or legislative proposals significantly affecting the environment. A tool for decision making, it describes the positive and negative effects of undertaking a project and an agency’s alternative actions.

environmental impact statement

[in¦vī·ərn¦mənt·əl ′im‚pakt ‚stāt·mənt]
(engineering)
A report of the potential effect of plans for land use in terms of the environmental, engineering, esthetic, and economic aspects of the proposed objective.

environmental impact statement

A detailed analysis of the probable environmental consequences of proposed federal legislation, major federal actions, or large-scale construction making use of federal funds, likely to have significant effects on environmental quality; such a statement is required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. §4321 et seq.).
References in periodicals archive ?
Cowlitz County, the Washington Department of Ecology, and the Corps of Engineers have formally joined together and will conduct a single process leading to one joint environmental impact statement. This joint document will fully comply with both the state Environmental Policy Act and the National Environmental Policy Act.
Since the agency could only implement the decision and regulate the activity, and not countermand it, the court found an insufficient link between the agency and the activity to trigger the environmental impact statement requirements.
Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the DOT to prepare a full environmental impact statement as required by the Clean Air Act.
The general purpose of the Bay Link study is to supplement the existing draft environmental impact statement for development of a transit system.
Sacred Land's Toby McLeod sends word that the Bush administration is prepared to allow Peabody Coal to expand its coal mining operations on native land in Black Mesa without filng a new environmental impact statement or providing for public hearings.
Navy developed and tested the LFA without preparing an environmental impact statement (EIS) or obtaining the necessary permits--in the process spending millions of dollars in violation of environmental law.
But the appeals panel agreed with the lower court, saying that before Roundup Ready can go on sale, Monsanto must draft an environmental impact statement and the government must report on the safety of eating genetically altered products.
Environmental Impact Statements: A Comprehensive Guide to Project and Strategic Planning focuses on the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) as a process and framework for the planning of programs and projects.
Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit is questioning an environmental impact statement (EIS) concerning the possible runway expansion at Maui's Kahului Airport next to Haleakala National Park, Hawaii.
factory trawling and a comprehensive environmental impact statement on the fishery.
Despite modifications to ATOC, the Natural Resources Defense Council wants to stop the project, arguing in part that the environmental impact statement should encompass the 10 years of tests that may follow ATOC.

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