Given the wide range of illnesses covered by NMOSD and the anomalous presence of AQP4 described in the CSF in cases of hydrocephalus, bacterial meningitis, and diseases with inflammatory phenomena of the central nervous system [5, 26], the presence of AQP4 in the CSF is probably due to ependymal
When neural stem cells are harvested for growth in culture, however, the ependymal
cells are not removed along with them, and this can be a problem.
Currently, when neural stem cells are harvested for growth in culture, however, the ependymal
cells are not removed along with them.
astrocytes, oligodandrocytes and ependymal
cells were in abundance in the treated groups as compared to the control group (Figs.
1989; KOESTNER & HIGGINS, 2002) which is not since choroid plexus epithelial cells are modified ependymal
cells (DELLMANN & EURELL, 1998).
The lateral ventricular wall consists of four layers with various thicknesses and cell densities: a monolayer of ependymal
cells (layer I), a hypocellular gap containing astrocytic processes (layer II), a ribbon of cells composed of astrocytes (layer III), and a transitional zone into the brain parenchyma (layer IV) (9).
The injection of purified Ad-vectors into the lateral ventricles of adult mice leads to the transduction of ependymal
cells aligning the lateral ventricles (Fig.
The presence of ependymal
and cartilage cells on the slide preparation
On T1-weighted gadolinium-enhanced images, ependymal
and subependymal contrast enhancement is seen in CMV ventriculitis.
The postcontrast T1-weighted image disclosed ependymal
enhancement particularly around the left ventricle, whose CSF was less hypointense than usual.
AMP deaminase in rat brain: localization in neurons and ependymal
Cytokeratins 8, 18, and 19 are abundantly expressed in adenocarcinoma of the breast, only weakly expressed in epithelial cells of the choroid plexus, and not expressed in nerve, glial, ependymal
, and meningeal cells (9).