Ephialtes


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Related to Ephialtes: Ephialtes and Otus

Ephialtes

(ĕf'ēăl`tēz): see AloadaeAloadae
or Aloidae
, in Greek mythology, two giants who warred against the Olympian gods. Their names were Otus and Ephialtes, and they were sons of Aloeus' wife by Poseidon. They tried to reach heaven to overthrow the gods by piling Mt. Ossa on Mt.
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.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ephialtes

 

Died mid-fifth century B.C Athenian state figure.

Ephialtes expressed the interests of the democratic circles of the Athenian population. He campaigned for a break with Sparta and for an autonomous Athenian foreign policy; in domestic politics he advocated further democratization of the state system and the curtailment of the political power of the Areopagus, which was the bulwark of the aristocracy. In 462, Ephialtes aroused the ire of the aristocracy by carrying out a reform that limited the functions of the Areopagus to authority over criminal cases. Shortly thereafter, he was treacherously assassinated. Pericles was an associate of Ephialtes and carried on his policies.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ephialtes

giant deprived of his left eye by Apollo and of his right eye by Hercules. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 333]

Ephialtes

Greek betrayer of Spartans at Thermopylae. [Gk. Hist.: Kravitz, 89]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Then, more subtly, Ephialtes' introduction is no longer juxtaposed with an account of Spartan eugenics (that account was moved to the opening scene of the film).
However, after the second day of battle, a local resident named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks by revealing a small goat's path that led behind the Greek lines.
For as Wilhelm Heinrich Roscher establishes beyond all reasonable doubt, antiquity blamed its restive nights on the Satyr and his ilk, going so far as to name the former "Ephialtes," one of several terms for "nightmare." (8) The sources that contain this information are so plentiful and (to a living encyclopedia like Rabelais) so ubiquitous--including among their number Lilio Gregorio Giraldi, Isidore de Seville, Saint Augustin, and Poliziano--that the author of the Quart Livre cannot have failed to encounter it.
Scholars fit the flourishing of tragoidia into the context of Athens' relatively rapid, far-reaching, and unprecedented transition to democracy that began in 510 BCE with the overthrow of the Peisistratid tyranny, took decisive impetus shortly thereafter from the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes (which included reorganization of the tribal bases of Athenian identity), proceeded with Ephialtes' demotion of the aristocratic Court of Areopagus (462/1) and culminated in Pericles' lowering of the property requirement for the highest political office (458/7) and his institution of paid jury service (around 454).
These Greeks held off the Persian king, Xerxes, and his far larger army for two days at the pass of Thermopylae, until finally being betrayed on the third day by Ephialtes and being overcome.
The impression left in viewers' minds is that were it not for the failure of Spartan eugenics to catch Ephialtes at birth, King Leonidas might very well have led his outmanned and overmatched army to victory.
He plays the traitor Ephialtes with a deformed face, terrible teeth and huge hunchback.
Dione's recollection of the binding of Ares at the hands of Otus and Ephialtes is of particular interest.
Leonidas Gerard Butler Gorgo Lena Headey Theron Dominic West Dilios David Wenham Captain Vincent Regan Stelios Michael Fassbender Astinos Tom Wisdom Daxos Andrew Pleavin Ephialtes Andrew Tiernan Xerxes Rodrigo Santoro Messenger Peter Mensah Loyalist Stephen McHattie BERLIN