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(ĕf`ərəs), c.405–330 B.C., Greek historian, b. Cyme in Aeolis; pupil of Isocrates. His chief work is a universal history, in 30 books, of which only fragments survive, arranged by subjects. He was widely quoted by the ancients, notably by Diodorus Siculus.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born circa 405 B.C.; died circa 330 B.C. Greek historian.

Ephorus’ History, which comprises 30 books, with the last written by his son Demophilus, recounts the history of the Greek world, including the Greek colonies. It begins with the “return of the Heracleidae,” which the Greeks considered an actual historical event, and concludes with a description of the military operations of Philip II of Macedon in 340 B.C.

Ephorus disapproved of the civilization of his day and idealized the life and customs of more primitive peoples. His work survives in fragments and in paraphrases by such later writers of antiquity as Diodorus Siculus. The extant portions of the History were published by F. Jacoby in Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker (part 2A, no. 70, Berlin, 1926, pp. 37–109).


Barber, G. L. The Historian Ephorus. London, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
221: That this tribe (the Pelasgi) were from Arcadia, Ephorus states on the authority of Hesiod; for he says: `Sons were born to god- like Lycaon whom Pelasgus once begot.'
(12) Many of these events were described by Xenophon (430-354 BCE) in his Hellenica, by Ephorus (c.
One of the most widely distributed educational applications in the world, Turnitin and Ephorus is used by more than 15,000 institutions in 140 countries to manage the submission, tracking and evaluation of scholarly work online.
One of the most widely distributed educational applications in the world Turnitin and Ephorus is used by more than 15000 institutions in 140 countries to manage the submission tracking and evaluation of scholarly work online.
The topics include looking for the invisible, rethinking Isocrates and historiography, the use of documents in Xenophon's Hellenica, Ephorus in context, Greek monographs on the Persian world, tools of memory, and Aristotle and history.
Conventional wisdom argues that universal civilization as a genre was invented by Herodotus or by Ephorus. It is worth observing that craving for pepper, incense and silk makes no world history, just as the Crusades were not undertaken for spices alone.
For this reason we may suppose that Aristotle would acknowledge that someone like Thucydides is likely to be more keen in detecting the causal antecedents of the events he reports, as well as the recurrent patterns of human behavior that they exhibit, than Ephorus or one of the local chroniclers of the Greek states.
At Galway he lost Ephorus in a fatal fall and was put through a series of disappointments before finally reaching the winner's enclosure on the final day.