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Ephorus(ĕf`ərəs), c.405–330 B.C., Greek historian, b. Cyme in Aeolis; pupil of Isocrates. His chief work is a universal history, in 30 books, of which only fragments survive, arranged by subjects. He was widely quoted by the ancients, notably by Diodorus Siculus.
Born circa 405 B.C.; died circa 330 B.C. Greek historian.
Ephorus’ History, which comprises 30 books, with the last written by his son Demophilus, recounts the history of the Greek world, including the Greek colonies. It begins with the “return of the Heracleidae,” which the Greeks considered an actual historical event, and concludes with a description of the military operations of Philip II of Macedon in 340 B.C.
Ephorus disapproved of the civilization of his day and idealized the life and customs of more primitive peoples. His work survives in fragments and in paraphrases by such later writers of antiquity as Diodorus Siculus. The extant portions of the History were published by F. Jacoby in Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker (part 2A, no. 70, Berlin, 1926, pp. 37–109).