Ephraimites

Ephraimites

identified as enemy by mispronunciation of “shibboleth.” [O.T.: Judges 12:6]
References in classic literature ?
The Ephraimites, not being called upon to share in the rich spoils
The Gileadites guarded the fords across the Jordan River to prevent the Ephraimites from entering their territory.
See Judges 12:5-6 (distinguishing Ephraimites from Gileadites based on their pronunciation of "shibboleth"); see also Shibboleth Definition, MERRIAM-WEBSTER DICTIONARY, http://www.
The Gileadites had defeated the Ephraimites in battle and were" holding some narrow places on the Jordan River that the fleeing Ephraimites had to cross to get home.
The quote above describing the Biblical account of the battle between the Ephraimites and the Gileadites illustrates how pronunciation of one word, changed by the omission of the "h," sound served to identify escaping Ephraimites who claimed to be Gileadites in order to escape death.
The text provides an unusually detailed account of how the men of Gilead identify the fleeing Ephraimites based upon linguistic differences between the two groups.
It says that 42,000 Ephraimites were killed at that time.
But the Gileadites got the upper hand and put the Ephraimites to flight.
The Ephraimites were unable to say the word and were thus reckoned as outsiders.
The Ephraimites cleverly substituted samekh for sin in order to pass the test, but not cleverly enough for the Gileadites, who could tell the difference.
Then they took him and slew him, at the passes of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.
Then they took him and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.