epicureanism

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epicureanism

(ĕp'ĭkyo͝orē`ənĭz'əm), philosophy that follows the teachings of EpicurusEpicurus
, 341–270 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Samos; son of an Athenian colonist. He claimed to be self-taught, although tradition states that he was schooled in the systems of Plato and Democritus by his father and various philosophers.
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, who held that pleasure is the end of all morality and that real pleasure is attained through a life of prudence, honor, and justice. The philosophy was popular throughout the ancient world; it was spread by the successors of Epicurus, who included Polystratus, Zeno of Sidon, and Philodemus of Gadara. Only in later times did epicureanism come to mean devotion to extravagant pleasure.

Epicureanism

 

the philosophical teaching derived from the ideas of Epicurus.

The philosophical school (called the Garden) that Epicurus founded in Athens was one of the most influential intellectual currents of the Hellenic age along with Stoicism, its constant opponent in philosophical debate. The most famous members of the early Garden (fourth and third centuries B.C.) were Metrodorus, Polyaenus, Hermarchus, and Colotes; those of the middle period (second and first centuries B.C.) were Zeno of Sidon, Phaedrus, and Philodemus of Gadara. Phaedrus (who taught Cicero) and Philodemus (who may have been Lucretius’ teacher) brought Epicureanism to Rome. The outstanding achievement of Roman Epicureanism is Lucretius’ narrative poem On the Nature of Things (first century B.C.). The Epicurean school remained in existence until the middle of the fourth century.

A revival of Epicureanism (especially its ethics and its atomistic teachings) occurred during the Renaissance; its ideas continued to spread during the 17th and 18th centuries and were most consistently developed by P. Gassendi. Epicureanism was also frequently understood in the vulgar sense—that is, as the cult of sensory pleasures (for example, in ancient Rome, among the philosophers of the Renaissance, and during the Enlightenment in France).

REFERENCES

See references under .

A. L. DOBROKHOTOV

Epicureanism

See also Feast.
Belshazzar
gave banquet unrivalled for sumptuousness. [O.T.: Daniel 5:1–4]
Finches of the Grove
eating club established for expensive dining. [Br. Lit.: Great Expectations]
Gatsby, Jay
modern Trimalchio, wines and dines the upper echelon. [Am. Lit.: The Great Gatsby]
Lucullus, Lucius Licinius
(110–57 B.C.) gave luxurious banquets. [Rom. Hist.: New Century, 650]
Marius
young pagan who follows the original philosophical tenets of Epicurus in his search for an answer to life. [Br. Lit.: Pater Marius the Epicurean in Magill II, 630]
Trimalchio
vulgar freedman gives lavish feast for noble guests. [Rom. Lit.: Satyricon]
References in periodicals archive ?
The grant will enable Epicurean to install a state-of-the-art batch vacuum system that will halve current batch production times, and a sachet sealing machine that automates temperature control to eliminate contamination risks, Dr Lynham said.
Epicurean teachings on how death should not be feared are laid out in the Epistle to Menoeceus.
Does modern thinking and even much of modern science assume an Epicurean cosmology and metaphysics?
Corbett continues to add depth to his analysis by addressing the significance of the vertical axis between the tenth cantos of each canticle, which for Corbett reflect the eschatologically divergent beliefs between the Epicurean and of the believer.
Furthermore, Epicureans unambiguously deny any immortality of individual human souls: after death each of us is nothing, and death is nothing to us.
If so, the standard position that Epicureans can fully rid themselves of the fear of death would be salvageable.
Each in its own way solidifies the significance of Lucretius and his Epicurean verses, but each has other heroes as well: for Brown, the lay humanists Bartolomeo Scala, Marcello Adriani, and Niccolo Machiavelli, but also the ancient biographer Diogenes Laertius and the city of Florence itself; for Greenblatt, especially the book-hunter Poggio Bracciolini but also free thinkers such as Giordano Bruno.
Thus where we might expect the Epicureans (following Democritus) to give us something along the lines of eliminative materialism, pace the Churchlands, he makes a case for their non-reductionist strain of thought as best described, not as 'emergent dualism' (Sedley), but as 'token identity physicalism' (Annas).
They are young and mobile, and some follow a seasonal trade, serving epicureans in Maine in the summer and back to Sarasota in the winter.
The Epicureans and the Stoics were Paul's interlocutors in Athens, and, to the delight of every academician since, Paul took them seriously.
11) The difference was that the Epicureans disappeared almost completely, while Christianity was becoming the dominant religion in the Roman empire.
To Stoics and Epicureans, peace of soul no doubt took precedence over the exacting search for truth, and to gain such peace the discipie generally swallowed whole the words of the revered master.