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Epidaurus(ĕpĭdôr`əs), ancient city of Greece, on an inlet of the Saronic Gulf, NE Peloponnesus. It was celebrated as the site of the temple of AsclepiusAsclepius
, Lat. Aesculapius , legendary Greek physician; son of Apollo and Coronis. His first teacher was the wise centaur Chiron. When he became so skillful in healing that he could revive the dead, Zeus killed him.
..... Click the link for more information. , which dates from the 4th cent. B.C. and is renowned for its beautiful sculpture. Other relics of the city include a theater and a tholos [rotunda]. Though in the region of Argolis, Epidaurus was semi-independent until Roman times.
an ancient city in Greece, on the Saronic Gulf. Ruins of the city have been preserved.
Near Epidaurus is the sanctuary of Asclepius. In addition to a Doric temple (380 B.C.), which was richly ornamented with sculptures that are now kept in the local museum and in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, the sanctuary contained the Thymele, a tholos (architect Polyclitus the Younger) with an exterior Doric colonnade and an interior Corinthian colonnade. In the vicinity were an abaton, which was a large, partially two-story portico, and a temple dedicated to Artemis (both 350–330 B.C). Outside the sacred area of Epidaurus were a stadium, a palaestra, a catagogium (hotel), and a theater (350–330 B.C, architect Polyclitus the Younger).