surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chagas disease has not been a health care priority in Venezuela, where epidemiological surveillance and intervention resources are devoted more to dengue fever and other emerging diseases.
A more modern example would be the deployment of federal epidemiological surveillance teams to trace, isolate, vaccinate, or prophylax the uninfected contacts of infected persons within a city, as Health Canada sought to do in Toronto during SARS.
Employees of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance Center are already visiting the Shin-Line plants to select products for analysis, chief physician of the disease prevention center of Alamedin district Sultan Abdykadyrov told AKIpress.
Hani al-Laham said that epidemiological surveillance of hepatitis A cases showed an increase in cases but they "fall short of an epidemic" as he said the increase is "within normal bounds" and infections are "sporadic and not confined to a specific area.
IEC activities, and to a lesser extent epidemiological surveillance, have been more attractive to multilateral and bilateral agencies such as the Dutch and German governments for interventions mostly in rural areas, USATD with condom promotion and distribution, and CIDA for epidemiological surveillance in selected countries.
With the recent emergence of new infectious diseases such as avian influenza, it is important for global health organizations to have access to comprehensive epidemiological surveillance research tools," said Robert Lipshutz, Ph.
Notably, the Command and Control Center (CCC), the disease fighting body of the ministry, is carrying out epidemiological surveillance tasks to make sure that all government and private health facilities are taking measures and coordinating with the relevant agencies including the World Health Organization (WHO).
Today experts' networks in the field of Campylobacter, molecular, veterinary epidemiology, public health medicine and of risk analysis & regulation, work in cooperation to develop regulations on foodstuffs, general recommendations for consumers and the establishment of an epidemiological surveillance network.
Procurement Supplies Disinfection Clinics in the Hospital, Epidemiological Surveillance Nosocomial Infections According to Annex B
However, deputy chief medical officer of the Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of Bishkek Kurmanbek Omuraliyev told AKIpress that such a measure is on duty only in the hospitals.
With MERS-CoV cases being reported in the neighbouring countries, the Ministry of Health is constantly monitoring cases through its epidemiological surveillance system.
There is no need to panic as the ministry has strengthened the team of epidemiological surveillance and it is working on taking samples of the reported cases for analysis.

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