surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.

surveillance

Monitoring people's actions and behavior either via camera or by tracking financial transactions. Surveillance is performed by governments for the protection of its people such as detecting criminals or for the preservation of an authoritarian administration. See connected camera, CCTV, network camera, facial recognition and sousveillance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Using the basic documents as a starting point, the final report of this seminar (13) established the main guidelines for the construction of the National System of Epidemiological Surveillance in the SUS, which was intended to be decentralized and comprehensive, i.e.
Hafidha Okbi, head of the National Office for Drug Control under the Ministry of Health said the meeting aims to strengthen the capacity of the National Coordinators of the Drug Addiction Project and Coordinators of networks of epidemiological surveillance of drug addiction.
However, it is imperative to identify the method which could be used in the epidemiological surveillance. Angel & Joshi (9) have detected dengue virus in individual mosquito head squashes and the remnants of positive mosquitoes have been used in cell culture and mice inoculation followed by IFA.
encephalopathy, wasting syndrome) affecting a substantial number of HIV-infected patients were not subject to epidemiological surveillance, as they were not included in the AIDS case definition." So the agency made another cautious revision, with encephalopathy (dementia) and wasting syndrome being the most notable additions to the list of indicator conditions.
Country-specific mortality data for 1980-1990 and annual population estimates were provided by WHO's Division of Epidemiological Surveillance and Health Situation and Trends Assessment.
This was stated by Gladys Ramrez Prada, general director of the CDC of the Minsa, who explained that the epidemiological surveillance system, of which all public, private, armed and police forces are part, is prepared to identify suspected cases of measles.
?He said, 'It is important that the GCC countries adopt a national and gulf epidemiological surveillance system for tobacco use to monitor the relevant social, economic and health indicators, promote the health, social and economic researches in this field, as well as implementing the national and gulf strategies and plans for tobacco control.' ?
The ministry affirms its continued efforts to monitor and control the disease through the effective Epidemiological Surveillance System, adding that hospitals are capable and equipped to deal with such cases.
He added that these accumulations weakened the system of epidemiological surveillance of diseases in general and influenza in particular, not to mention the difficulty of combating the emergence of any epidemic due to the interruption of operating expenses.
Over 700 catering facilities were inspected in 2018 according to the execution of the law "On the protection of the health of citizens of Kyrgyzstan from the harmful effects of tobacco", Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Surveillance of Bishkek reports.
Majda Al-Qattan commented on the news at a press conference, stressing "all precautionary measures were taken to counter cholera and prevent it from spreading." She confirmed that no information received from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other relevant organizations about the outbreak of the epidemic, explaining that the ministry issued directives to intensify epidemiological surveillance of the disease and to take the highest precaution.
As of March 23, 2018, the Regional Epidemiological Surveillance Unit (RESU) in coordination with the provincial health offices identified a total of 121 DVIs in the region.

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