epifauna

(redirected from Epifaunal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Epifaunal: infauna, faunas

epifauna

[′ep·ə‚fȯn·ə]
(zoology)
Benthic fauna that live on a surface, such as the sea floor, other organisms, or objects.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although other epifaunal invertebrates such as hydroids, bryozoans, brachiopods, basketstars, and seastars were also present on the boulders, sponges contributed most of the invertebrate biomass.
Although possibly true for large, deeply burrowed Mya arenaria, this seems unlikely for most prey items of Lunatia heros, particularly epifaunal gastropod prey.
With this functional perspective in mind, and recognizing the urgent need to have detailed information on the composition of the mobile fauna in San Quintin Bay, we collected data on the epifaunal and mobile species assemblages.
An expansion of this epifaunal community study, incorporating seven additional sampling sites in Great Bay, Little Egg Harbor, and Barnegat Bay, commenced in June 2003, and the findings will be reported in 2004.
1999) showed that a single trawl pass can displace boulders and remove or damage large epifaunal invertebrates.
Effects of Tropical Storm Agnes on epifaunal invertebrates in Virginia estuaries.
Mud crabs (Xanthidae) in Chesapeake Bay: claw characteristics and predation on epifaunal bivalves.
The initial plan called for taking the epifaunal samples at site 1, but because the water there was consistently turbid on collection days, samples could be taken more precisely at the surfaces of sediments and U.
After a period of submersion and epifaunal colonization, most reef habitats have a similar appearance and function, but there can be subtle differences between natural and man-made reef habitats; the characteristics of each type are reviewed separately.