For it is most true, that a natural and secret hatred, and aversation towards society, in any man, hath somewhat of the savage beast; but it is most untrue, that it should have any character at all, of the divine nature; except it proceed, not out of a pleasure in solitude, but out of a love and desire to sequester a man's self, for a higher conversation: such as is found to have been falsely and feignedly in some of the heathen; as Epimenides
the Candian, Numa the Roman, Empedocles the Sicilian, and Apollonius of Tyana; and truly and really, in divers of the ancient hermits and holy fathers of the church.
Oh, yes, indeed, the Cretan poet, Epimenides
, / that old Sicilian, Aratus, and that prophet of prisons who will set me free / by adjusting my head during my golf swing
In eight chapters of varying lengths she approaches the ancient presence of Spartacus, Sappho, Epimenides
, the subdued but significant presence of slavery in the Athenian and Alexandrian writers, the ancient references to writings on utopian ideals other than those of Plato and Aristotle, Jewish writings and the New Testament, and the figure of Oedipus in ancient and modern thought.
In an ancient Greek tale, Epimenides
, a shepherd, went to the mountains in search of stray sheep, fell asleep in a cave, and woke up fifty-seven years later to find himself unrecognized by all, until his youngest brother, now an old man, finally knew him.
The famous case of Epimenides
(6th century BC), the Cretan who declared that all Cretans are liars, was one of the first of these paradoxes.
Paul tried to build bridges with the pagan Greeks in Athens when he quoted from the poets Epimenides
and Aratus of Soli in speaking of "the God in which we live and move and have our being.
It seems like we're dealing with another form of the Cretan Paradox--in which Epimenides
tells you, "All Cretans are liars"; if he's telling the truth he's lying, and if he's lying he's telling the truth.
Paradox, in one variant, asserts: "This sentence is false.
One is the classical example of self-contradiction known as the "Liar": Epimenides
, the Cretan said, "All Cretans are liars.
Aquinas remarks on passages in Paul's letter to Titus, in First Corinthians, and in Acts which quote the words of pagans Epimenides
, Menander, and Aratus.
Rogers, "I Vote This Way Because I'm Wrong": The Supreme Court Justice as Epimenides
, 79 Ky.
Other characters, who may or may not be members of the Seven Sages (depending on who is providing the list), include: (8) Anacharsis, (9) Myson, (10) Pherecydes, (11) Epimenides
, (12) Pisistratus, and (13) Acusilaus.