Epiphenomenon


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Epiphenomenon

 

an adjunct to a phenomenon; a secondary phenomenon that accompanies other phenomena but has no influence on them. Some adherents of voluntarism, such as E. von Hartmann and F. Nietzsche, regarded consciousness as an epiphenomenon—an implement of the unconscious world will—while several natural-science materialists, including T. Huxley, viewed it as a consequence of the activity of the higher nervous system.

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But starting with the Chicago law and economics movement, and then progressively spreading to treatments of entrepreneurs and the 'markets for innovation', neo-liberals began to argue consistently that not only was monopoly not harmful to the operation of the market, but in any event, it was an epiphenomenon attributable to the misguided activities of the state and interest groups.
In a case-control study, Mochan and colleagues found protein S deficiency to be an epiphenomenon associated with HIV infection, and it occurred significantly more frequently in HIV-seropositive subjects compared to HIV-seronegative patients with ischemic stroke (p < 0.
Staten suggests a picture of human agency that remains firmly anchored in naturalism, and yet ascribes to consciousness a causal power that it cannot possess in Leiter's reading of it as an epiphenomenon of bodily processes.
Chapter 2 presents the general features of grammaticalization as developed in the functionalist-based studies and reviews the literature on the following: the theoretical assumptions of grammaticalization, grammaticalization continua, the diachronic and synchronic relevance of grammaticalization, metaphor, metonymy, and context-induced reinterpretation, the controversial roles of reanalysis and analogy, and the discussion over whether grammaticalization is an epiphenomenon.
His introduction is a full-throated affirmation of contemporary Darwinian theory, which he sees as under attack, not from scientists, but from religious fundamentalists and some cultural theorists who see science as "a social construction, an epiphenomenon in which it is produced" (2).
president of a black man with the strange name - Barack Obama - is but one reflection, one epiphenomenon of how deeply things are changing, across what a wide array of fronts, and how quickly, around the world.
I am not saying that this approach to chance as an epiphenomenon of design is necessarily correct.
As much as medical missions is thus "an epiphenomenon of the development of medicine," (13) with medicine being transformed from an old-fashioned, authority-bound scientia into a modern science, it is also a consequence of the great missionary movement of the nineteenth century ignited by the Second Great Awakening.
The high rate of detection of group two pathogens in otherwise unexplained cases of SUDI suggests they could be associated with it, and could be an epiphenomenon indicative of another underlying mechanism of death, such as overheating, conclude the authors.
One doesn't have to be a wild-eyed social constructivist to acknowledge this point--much of the most interesting recent work in evolutionary psychology and embodied cognition has focused on the co-evolution of human cognition and culture--but the overall thrust of Carroll's argument leaves one with the impression that all significant structure comes from innate human nature, and that cultural variation is a mere epiphenomenon.
A belief in religious metaphysics is not the basis of one's faith, but a mere epiphenomenon.
difficile carriage in these patients represents an epiphenomenon rather than a causative or contributory factor in the disease.