episodic memory

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Related to Episodic memories: Declarative memory

episodic memory

[‚ep·ə¦säd·ik ′mem·rē]
(psychology)
Memory of information about specific past events that involved the self and occurred at a particular time and place.
References in periodicals archive ?
Second, it uses past episodic memories of school and schooling to encourage (manipulate) engagement into educational structures that do not necessarily incorporate what is commonly known about how the brain works in learning.
Therefore, when the generation of backward elaborative inferences are considered as the functioning of semantic and episodic memories, and when the research reporting the tendency for female superiority for the different domains of these memories are taken into consideration, the finding of the female superiority for backward elaborative inferences can be attributed to the memory differences between genders.
To address this, the scientists focused on the brain's hippocampus, which previous scholarship has shown is necessary for encoding new episodic memories. Here, in a series of experiments similar to the box tests, they found that if the hippocampus was inactive, the ability of younger rats to form latent memories and recall them later by reminders as they got older was diminished.
Importantly, in our study, AD patients did not elicit significantly more specific episodic memories for this young adulthood period relative to other life periods, except for the latest period of life.
"Although the inception of episodic memories -- like remembering the context and sequence of salient events when meeting a friend at a particular cafe -- goes beyond the formation of contextual associations, our study suggests a fundamental mechanism of neuronal plasticity that may support episodic memory formation," the study states.
However, the computer algorithm performed best when analysing activity in the hippocampus itself, suggesting that this is the most important region for recording episodic memories. In particular, three areas of the hippocampus - the rear right and the front left and front right areas - seemed to be involved consistently across all participants.
Brain-imaging studies suggest that a cellular information highway speeds through disparate parts of the brain to coordinate memories for personally experienced events, also known as episodic memories. Researchers now offer the first data suggesting that this memory thoroughfare turns left at the front of the brain to store recollections and veers right to retrieve them.
By using light to erase certain memories in mice, researchers from the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and department of psychology were able to prove the basic theory that different parts of the brain have to work together in order to retrieve episodic memories. They used optogenetics, a technique for studying and manipulating nerve cells with light, developed by Stanford University's Karl Deisseroth.
For about 40 years, Wiltgen said, neuroscientists have theorized that retrieving episodic memories -- memories about specific places and events -- involves coordinated activity between the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus, a small structure deep in the brain.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Confirming what neurocomputational theorists have long suspected, researchers report that the human brain locks down episodic memories in the hippocampus, committing each recollection to a distinct, distributed fraction of individual cells.
Memories of events, known as episodic memories, always contain three elements -- what, where, and when.