Epispadias


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epispadias

[‚ep·ə′spād·ē·əs]
(medicine)
A congenital defect of the anterior urethra in which the canal terminates on the dorsum of the penis and posterior to its normal opening.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Epispadias

 

a congenital defect of the urethra, in which the anterior wall is totally or partially absent. Epispadias occurs more often in men than in women. The dorsal surface of the penis or clitoris has a groove that constitutes the posterior and lateral walls of the urethra. The three main types are balanic epispadias, which is limited to the glans penis; penile epispadias, which involves part of the body of the penis; and penopubic epispadias, in which the urethra is completely split and the urinary bladder sphincters are absent. Epispadias may cause spraying of the urine stream, impairment of sexual function, and urinary incontinence. The condition may be treated surgically by burying the rudimentary groove between the cavernous bodies of the penis and restoring the urinary bladder sphincters.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Boys who are born with epispadias or classic exstrophy have a congenital absence of the urethral sphincter mechanism.
Complete urethral duplication: descriptions of surgical approach mimicing distal epispadias repair.
OEIS complex represents most severe form of Exstrophy Epispadias Complex (EEC).
This is especially true of patients with bladder exstrophy who typically have a very tortuous urethra after epispadias repair and bladder neck reconstruction.
exstrophy and epispadias: a communication from the international Clearinghouse for Birth
Males born with penile anomalies (hypospadias, epispadias or megalourethra) and children with ammonia dermatitis were excluded from the study.
The EEC covers a spectrum with different severity levels, ranging from epispadias (E) representing the mildest form, with lower and upper fissure, to the full picture of classical bladder exstrophy (CEB), and exstrophy of the cloaca (EC)--often also referred to as OEIS (omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforate anus and spinal defects) complex--as the most severe form.
The baby had Short penis with urethral opening along dorsal surface (Epispadias).
Structural deformities (such as peyrones and epispadias) may contribute to ED.