Epopee


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Epopee

 

(Russian, epopeia), a monumental epic work that is distinctively concerned with general folk themes. In the early stages of literature the epopee was the prevailing type of folk epic; it depicted life’s most essential (or, as Hegel called them, “substantive”) events and conflicts—either the mythological conflicts perceived by the folk imagination as clashes between the forces of nature or the military clashes between tribes and peoples. The ancient and medieval epopees were lengthy poetic works derived either from the combination of brief epic legends or from the development (expansion) of a central event. Individual works were created by certain poets as later imitations of the folk epopee, including Vergil’s Aeneid and Voltaire’s Henriade.

Prose epopees arose from the type of epic literature that described social mores, revealing not the heroic emergence of a national society but rather its comic condition—for example, Gargantua and Pantagruel by Rabelais, Dead Souls by N. V. Gogol, and Penguin Island by A. France. “Novels-epopees,” or epic novels, originated in 19th- and 20th-century novelistic literature, which showed the character development of individual persons and in which national and historical issues were explored in greater depth.

In some epic novels, such as Tolstoy’s War and Peace and Sholokhov’s The Quiet Don, the protagonists’ character development is subordinated to events that are measured on the national or historical scale. Another category is that of the “heroic-novelistic” epopees, in which the protagonists’ characters are formed in the process of their conscious and active participation in historical and revolutionary events—as they are in Peter the Great by A. N. Tolstoy and The Communists by L. Aragon.

G. N. POSPELOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
L'article Fete du Trone: Une epopee nationale symbole de la dynamique, de l'union et de la stabilite du Maroc est apparu en premier sur ALBAYANE .
Cette grande epopee, dont l'Egypte est fiere et qui fut une introduction a la paix, commenca le samedi 6 octobre 1973 (10 du mois de ramadan) a 14 heures.
L'epopee glorieuse de la Revolution du Roi et du peuple du 20 aout 1953 constitue en fait un cas d'ecole du patriotisme marocain authentique au service de la defense de l'unite nationale, territoriale et doctrinale, a la faveur de la communion etroite entre le Trone et le peuple qui a toujours constitue un rempart contre toutes les conspirations et un puissant levier pour relever tous les defis et satisfaire les aspirations des Marocains.
De grands spectacles comme la grande epopee de Constantine et le festival international Dimajazz y ont ete organises.
Cette epopee a permis de retablir le droit et de demontrer au colonialisme et a qui en doutait, que la legitimite royale n'est pas seulement une realite concrete et fondamentale au Maroc; mais qu'elle manifestait la symbiose constante vecue par le peuple marocain et la monarchie dans une continuite historique exceptionnelle.
Le public a encore en memoire sa brillante prestation livree dans [beaucoup moins que] Abtal el Djazair [beaucoup plus grand que] (les heros de l'Algerie), epopee produite en 2012 par le TRO dans le cadre de la celebration du 58e anniversaire du declenchement de la glorieuse revolution du 1er Novembre 1954.
Pour sa part, le president du Conseil regional de Dakhla-Oued Eddahab, Ynja Khattat, a mis en avant l'importance de ce jour memorable et son role dans le parachevement de l'integrite territoriale et la realisation de la paix et de la stabilite dans la province, soulignant que cette epopee glorieuse a constitue le declic d'une nouvelle marche de developpement dans toute la region, qui a enregistre au fil des annees un progres considerable a tous les niveaux.
Par ailleurs, une exposition baptisee "La Ligne -- Une epopee marocaine Rabat 1919-2019" se tiendra a la Bibliotheque Nationale du Royaume du Maroc (BNRM) du 19 septembre au 12 octobre 2019, puis en decembre a Dakhla.
"La commemoration de cette epopee heroique m'offre l'agreable opportunite de m'incliner a la memoire des chouhadas algeriens et tunisiens dont le sang a fusionne pour illustrer l'une des plus belles images de solidarite et de cohesion a la lumiere d'une lutte commune pour la liberte et l'independance", a ajoute le Chef de l'Etat.
Their topics are Filelfo and the Byzantines, Hellenism and cultural unease in humanism: the case of Filelfo; Filelfo's Plato: always already there; Epicureanism and Stoicism in his letters: a reconsideration; Filelfo and the Spartans; Filelfo and writing of history; erudition, emulation, and enmity in the dedication letters to his Greek to Latin translations; Filelfo as a writer of invective; La meriquie latine de Filelfo: epopee, satire, elegie, ode; and Filelfo, Cicero, and epistolary style: a computational study.
We are marking 140 years of the heroic battles of the Shipka Peak, which have remained in the history of the Shipka Epopee. Hundreds of Bulgarians ascend the historic peak every year to pay tribute to the heroes who died for Bulgaria's freedom, BGNES reported.