meprobamate

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meprobamate

(məprō`bəmāt'), tranquilizing drug that acts as a depressantdepressant,
any one of various substances that diminish functional activity, usually by depressing the nervous system. Barbiturates, sedatives, alcohol, and meprobamate are all depressants. Depressants have various modes of action and effects.
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 of the central nervous systemnervous system,
network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment. Virtually all members of the animal kingdom have at least a rudimentary nervous system.
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 and is commonly used in the treatment of anxietyanxiety,
anticipatory tension or vague dread persisting in the absence of a specific threat. In contrast to fear, which is a realistic reaction to actual danger, anxiety is generally related to an unconscious threat.
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 and sometimes schizophreniaschizophrenia
, group of severe mental disorders characterized by reality distortions resulting in unusual thought patterns and behaviors. Because there is often little or no logical relationship between the thoughts and feelings of a person with schizophrenia, the disorder has
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. Although meprobamate is chemically unlike barbituratesbarbiturate
, any one of a group of drugs that act as depressants on the central nervous system. High doses depress both nerve and muscle activity and inhibit oxygen consumption in the tissues. In low doses barbiturates act as sedatives, i.e.
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 and has lower toxicity, it has similar pharmacological effects, especially the ability to induce sleep and alleviate anxiety. The drug possesses some anticonvulsant properties and is used to suppress some forms of epilepsyepilepsy,
a chronic disorder of cerebral function characterized by periodic convulsive seizures. There are many conditions that have epileptic seizures. Sudden discharge of excess electrical activity, which can be either generalized (involving many areas of cells in the brain)
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. A muscle relaxant, meprobamate is also used to treat abnormal motor activity. It is marketed under the trade names Equanil and Miltown.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the drugs described as "dangerous or inappropriate" in the study were the tranquilizers and sleeping aids Diazepam (Valium); Chlordiazepoxide (Librium, Librax); Flurazepam (Dalmane); Meprobamate (Miltown, Deprol, Equagesic, Equanil); Pentobarbitol (Nembutal); Secobarbitol (Seconal); and the arthritis drug Indomethacin (Indocin).