Equal Pay Act

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Equal Pay Act,

U.S. law passed (1963) as an amendment to the Wages and Hours Act (see Fair Labor Standards ActFair Labor Standards Act
or Wages and Hours Act,
passed by the U.S. Congress in 1938 to establish minimum living standards for workers engaged directly or indirectly in interstate commerce, including those involved in production of goods bound for such commerce.
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) which prohibits discrimination based on sex that results in unequal pay for equal work.
References in periodicals archive ?
Joy Kent, chief executive of Chwarae Teg, which support women's economic development, said: "Over 40 years after the Equal Pay Act was passed, it is clearly a matter of concern for us that women continue to be paid less than men.
CMI's Women in Management (WiM) chair, Sandra Pollock, said: "Four decades have passed since the Equal Pay Act became law, when the pay gap stood at 34% across the board.
Speaking ahead of today's 40th anniversary of the Equal Pay Act, Jean Irvine from the EHRC, said: "Employers need pay systems that are both transparent and fair.
Although it's encouraging that the pay gap between men and women is closing, it is nevertheless very slow progress - 40 years since the Equal Pay Act and women are still paid on average 12 percent less than men in full time employment in Scotland," The Scotsman quoted Lyle, as saying.
So why is the gap thriving 40 years after the Equal Pay Act was meant to level the playing field?
Lilly Ledbetter, who addressed the Democratic National Convention in August, has become a living symbol of workplace inequalities that persist after passage of the 1963 Equal Pay Act and the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
1975: The Sex Discrimination and Equal Pay Act came into force to end years of inequality for women.
It was as a direct result of meeting with the women involved in the struggles for equal pay at Ford in 1968 that Minister Barbara Castle introduced the Equal Pay Act in the 1970s, outlawing unequal pay between men and women.
Since the Illinois Equal Pay Act was passed in 2003, there have been 349 complaints filed with the Illinois Department of Labor, which investigates allegations of pay disparity.
The bill could remove the caps on punitive and compensatory damages in claims made under the Equal Pay Act, thereby providing unlimited monetary remedies for claims; allow for punitive and compensatory damages on unintentional pay disparities; eliminate employer defense for paying people differently because they work in different parts of the country or considering their prior salary history; and make it easier for plaintiffs to become parties to large class actions.
They say they cannot work night shifts because they have childcare responsibilities and denying them the payments is unlawful under the Equal Pay Act.
IT is jaw-dropping to realise that in 2008 - 30 years after the Equal Pay Act - the gap between men and women doing the same job still exists.

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