meprobamate

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meprobamate

meprobamate (məprōˈbəmātˌ), tranquilizing drug that acts as a depressant of the central nervous system and is commonly used in the treatment of anxiety and sometimes schizophrenia. Although meprobamate is chemically unlike barbiturates and has lower toxicity, it has similar pharmacological effects, especially the ability to induce sleep and alleviate anxiety. The drug possesses some anticonvulsant properties and is used to suppress some forms of epilepsy. A muscle relaxant, meprobamate is also used to treat abnormal motor activity. It is marketed under the trade names Equanil and Miltown.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Included in this category are Xanax, Halcion, Valium, Ativan, Restoril, Tranxene, Librium, Miltown, Equanil, Atarax, Vistaril, and Dalmane.
According to one national study carried out by the National Institute of Drug Abuse for the year 1976-77, there were "5,800 drug-related deaths in hospital emergency rooms for 16 of the more widely used psychiatric drugs." The psychiatric drugs involved in these deaths were broken down as follows: "major tranquilizers -- Mellaril (200), Thorazine (100); minor tranquilizers -- Valium (900), Librium (200), Equanil and Miltown (200); antidepressants -- Elavil (700), Adapin and Sinequan (200)." At the same time, there are no state or national death statistics published for psychiatric institutions -- at least none I'm aware of -- so we still don't know how many inmates have died in which institutions from which causes.
I had a drawer full of prescriptions--Valium, Elavil, Equanil, all those drugs.