equipartition

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equipartition

[¦e·kwə·pär′tish·ən]
(chemistry)
The condition in a gas where under equal pressure the molecules of the gas maintain the same average distance between each other.
The equal distribution of a compound between two solvents.
The distribution of the atoms in an orderly fashion, such as in a crystal.
References in periodicals archive ?
The equipartition theorem states that a particles' kinetic energy the energy it possesses due to motion - is determined only by its temperature, not its size or mass.
Raizen's study now proves that the equipartition theorem is true for Brownian particles; in this case, glass beads that were three micrometers across.
But we are actually opening a much larger door for future tests of the equipartition theorem at the quantum level.