equipartition

(redirected from Equipartition theorem)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

equipartition

[¦e·kwə·pär′tish·ən]
(chemistry)
The condition in a gas where under equal pressure the molecules of the gas maintain the same average distance between each other.
The equal distribution of a compound between two solvents.
The distribution of the atoms in an orderly fashion, such as in a crystal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Raizen's study now proves that the equipartition theorem is true for Brownian particles; in this case, glass beads that were three micrometers across.
But we are actually opening a much larger door for future tests of the equipartition theorem at the quantum level.
Thus, his hypotheses were attempts to explain the failure of the equipartition theorem without having to discredit it completely.
The second part amounted to the question of why the equipartition theorem does not apply to molecular vibrations.
It is possible that Maxwell had begun to doubt the validity of the equipartition theorem, but I have found no evidence for this.