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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a Kirghiz folk epic. It apparently originated during the period of the primitive communal system. It is also popular among the Kazakhs, the Altais, and the Tiumen’ Tatars.

Among the Kirghiz, Ër-Töshtük is a monumental epic composed completely in verse. It describes a hero’s struggle against monsters in order to save his nine brothers; ancient mythological and cosmogonic beliefs pervade the work. The first transcription of the epic was made by Academician V. V. Radlov in 1869 and was published in 1885 in Part 5 of Examples of the Folk Literature of the Northern Turkic Tribes. In the Soviet period, transcriptions have been made of versions of Ër-Töshtük performed by the skaziteli (singers of epic folk songs) Dzh. Dzhamgyrchiev (1927), S. Karalaev (1939), and K. Suranchiev (1940).


Ër-Töshtük. Frunze, 1956.
Ër-Töshtük. Frunze, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Er-Toshtiuk. Frunze, 1958.


Zakirov, S. Ër-Teshtük ëposunun varianttarï jana ideyalïk körköm-dük özgöchölügu. Frunze, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From 15th October to 15th November 2010, the "Bigim" studio with financial support from the Swiss Cooperation Office and the Ministry of Culture in the Kyrgyz Republic, is organizing a charity tour of the theater performance "Er-Toshtuk" in the country's regions.