Erbil


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Erbil

(ĕr`bīl' –bĭl') or

Irbil

(ĭr`bīl' –bĭl'), town (1987 pop. 485,968), N Iraq. A commercial, agricultural, and administrative center with a predominantly Kurdish population, it is one of the world's oldest continually settled towns. The ancient Sumerian and Assyrian city of Urbillum (ArbelaArbela
, town of ancient Assyria. Its name is sometimes given to the battle fought at Gaugamela, some 60 mi (100 km) away, in which Alexander the Great defeated (331 B.C.) Darius III. Arbela is the modern Erbil, Iraq.
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) was on this site. The oldest section of the city, at the heart of of modern Erbil, is on an artificial mound surmounted by an old Turkish fort. Since 1992 Erbil has been one of the main towns of the so-called Kurdish Autonomous Region.

Erbil

, Irbil, Arbil
a city in N Iraq: important in Assyrian times. Pop.: 870 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, Emirates SkyCargo, the freight division of Emirates, has been operating a freighter out of Erbil since February 2011.
As per the contract, GE will supply two steam turbines that will be used to convert the Erbil plant from simple to combined-cycle operation, boosting plant output by 500 megawatts, enough additional electricity to serve 100,000 Iraqi households.
Qatar Airways senior vice-president (GCC, Levant, Iran, Iraq and sub-continent) Fathi al-Shehab was onboard the inaugural flight which arrived at Erbil International Airport to a traditional water salute welcome followed by an airport ceremony attended by local officials.
The opening of the new Sheraton Erbil Hotel further underlines Starwood's commitment to growth and expansion in the region.
plan for the modernization of Erbil which will become work in progress in 2012.
Erbil is already serviced from Vienna by Austrian Airlines, which is part of the Lufthansa Group.
The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Minister of Municipalities and Tourism Samir Abdullah, and Erbil Governor Nawzad Hadi attended the opening ceremony.
Both services will connect in Bahrain, with a 45 minute transfer from Bahrain to Erbil and a 120 minute transfer from Bahrain to Najaf.
Enormous new parks, some so large you might need a car to get from one end to the other, can be found in both Erbil and Suleimaniya.
Barzani's troops surrounded Erbil three months later.
We reproduced each grain type by starting with the right composition,' Erbil said in a telephone interview.
A number of military and government vehicles were seen in the streets of Erbil, carrying pictures of the region's president, Massoud Barzani, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party flags.