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Erbil(ĕr`bīl' –bĭl') or
Irbil(ĭr`bīl' –bĭl'), town (1987 pop. 485,968) and capital of Kurdistan Region, N Iraq. A commercial, agricultural, and administrative center with a predominantly Kurdish population, it is one of the world's oldest continually settled towns. The ancient Sumerian and Assyrian city of Urbillum (ArbelaArbela
, town of ancient Assyria. Its name is sometimes given to the battle fought at Gaugamela, some 60 mi (100 km) away, in which Alexander the Great defeated (331 B.C.) Darius III. Arbela is the modern Erbil, Iraq.
..... Click the link for more information. ) was on this site. The oldest section of the city, at the heart of of modern Erbil, is on an artificial mound surmounted by an old Turkish fort. Since 1992 Erbil has been one of the main towns of Iraq's Kurdish region, and it became the capital of a unified Kurdish autonomous region in 2006.
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Erbil, Irbil, Arbil
a city in N Iraq: important in Assyrian times. Pop.: 870 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005