Erckmann-Chatrian


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Erckmann-Chatrian

 

the joint pen name of two French writers. Emile Erckmann was born May 20, 1822, in Phalsbourgh, Moselle Department, and died Mar. 14, 1899, in Lunéville, Meurthe Department. Charles Alexandre Chatrian was born Dec. 18, 1826, in Soldatenthal, Meurthe Department, and died Sept. 3, 1890, in Villemomble, Seine Department.

Erckmann studied law in Paris from 1842 to 1846. Chatrian graduated from a college in Phalsbourgh. Their first collection of short stories, Fantastic Tales, was published in 1849. Their early stories are based on Alsatian folk legends and are written in the style of E. T. A. Hoffmann. The novels Maitre Daniel Rock (1861; Russian translation, 1869) and The Story of a Schoolmaster (1871) and many of their short stories depict scenes from peasant life, in particular, the daily life and customs of the simple people of Alsace-Lorraine. The best of Erckmann-Chatrian’s works are their patriotic and historical novels. The authors, harshly critical of the militaristic and antidemocratic policies of the Second Empire, favored a republican regime. They expressed their political views in novels dealing with the French Revolution and the First Empire, for example, Crazy Yég of (1862), The Conscript of 1813 (1864), Waterloo (1865), and The Story of a Peasant (vols. 1–4; 1868–70). The Story of a Man of the People (1865) depicts the Revolution of 1848 in Paris. Several of their patriotic historical novels portray the tragic events of the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), notably, The Story of the Plebiscite (1872), The Brigadier Frédéric (1874), and The Outcast (1882).

The significance of Erckmann-Chatrian’s work in literary history lies in their portrayal of the life and psychology of the rural working people. Erckmann-Chatrian also wrote plays, dramatizations of some of their own novels, and the librettos for comic operas. Numerous works by Erckmann-Chatrian have been translated into Russian.

WORKS

Contes et romans nationaux et populaires, vols. 1–14. [Paris, 1962–63.]
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch. [books 1–20]. Petrograd [1915].
Parizhskie barrikady. Moscow-Petrograd, 1923.
Tereza. Moscow, 1963.
Istoriia odnogo krestianina, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Pisarev, D. I. “Frantsuzskii krest’ianin v 1789 godu.” In Soch., vol. 4. Moscow, 1956.
Viurmser, A. Ne posmotret’ li na izvestnoe po-novomu. Moscow, 1975.
Zola, E. “Erkman-Shatrian.” In Sobr. soch., vol. 24. Moscow, 1966.
Benoit-Guyod, G. La Vie et I’oeuvre d’ Erckmann-Chatrian. Paris, 1963.

I. S. KOVALEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Design contest:Project management for the creation of a school restaurant at the Erckmann-Chatrian school group in Strasbourg.
2) A single text may be composed by more than one actual individual; Genette notes the cases of "the brothers Goncourt or Tharaud, of Erckmann-Chatrian, or of Boileau-Narcejac" (147), and states that none of these examples show signs of multiple authorship.
me pregunto, mientras Katz se remonta mas atras y cita, entre las novelas que lo formaron como historiador, las de Erckmann-Chatrian, los novelistas alsacianos autores, al alimon, de la epopeya de los soldados napoleonicos en libros como Historia de un quinto de 1813, La invasion o el loco Yegof, Cuentos de orillas del Rin, Waterloo .
Y despues algo que probablemente nadie conoce hoy, que lei de nino: las novelas francesas de dos escritores alsacianos que escribian juntos y firmaban Erckmann-Chatrian, autores de historias sobre Napoleon y sobre la revolucion de 1789.
6) But numerous other authors were subjected to similar treatment at the hands of their publishers in the last third of the nineteenth century, from Guy de Maupassant and Leon Bloy to Alphonse Daudet and Erckmann-Chatrian.
Music for a short film, scenario adapted by Koechlin from the story by Erckmann-Chatrian 23 10.
Erckmann-Chatrian (Emile Erckmann [1822-1899] and Alexandre Chatrian [1826-1890]) 32
Starting with Leopold von Sacher-Masoch's Galician stories, continuing with the well-established and much-researched canon of nineteenth-century literature featuring Jewish characters (Hauff's Jud Suss, Gutzkow, Droste, Hebbel, Freytag, Raabe, Ebner-Eschenbach, Saar), and concluding with the Alsatian writers Erckmann-Chatrian, Massey traces such 'normal' portrayals of Jews and of genuine interest in them.
In criticizing the naturalistic novels of Emile Erckmann-Chatrian, he actually cites the "Narration or Description?
The uncertain status of Alsace-Lorraine, which was German from 1871 to 1918, justifies a chapter on the once-famous Alsatian novelists known as Erckmann-Chatrian, whose work contains many affectionate portraits of Jews alongside some anti-Semitic stereotyping.
Erckmann-Chatrian, dans son Conscrit de 1813, a deja montre un coin ignoble des champs de bataille.
En su casa lei a numerosos autores que hoy dicen poco a la mayoria pero mucho tuvieron que ver con mi aficion a la literatura: a Erckmann-Chatrian, a Paul Feval, a Pierre Benoit, a la Baronesa Orczy ya Ladoucette, al capitan Mayne Reid y a John Meade Falkner.